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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Interactions at large spatial scale: The case of Centris bees and floral oil producing plants in South America

Texto completo
Giannini, T. C. [1, 2] ; Pinto, C. E. [3] ; Acosta, A. L. [1] ; Taniguchi, M. [4] ; Saraiva, A. M. [5] ; Alves-dos-Santos, I. [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Santo Amaro, BR-4829300 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[4] Embrapa Amazonia Oriental, Entomol Lab, BR-66095100 Belem, Para - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Engn, BR-05508010 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ECOLOGICAL MODELLING; v. 258, p. 74-81, JUN 10 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 6

Abiotic features and biogeography have been suggested as influencing factors for large-scale species distribution, but little is known about the role of interactions. Aiming to understand how the environmental variables and floral morphology shape the large-scale spatial pattern of species distribution and how this is reflected in the interactions, we analyzed the oil-collecting Centris bee species and the floral oil producing plants in South America. We surveyed the academic literature to build a matrix of interactions and Internet data providers for a dataset of occurrence points of Centris bee species and oil plants with which the bees have been observed. We grouped the interacting bee-plant species according to the two types of floral oil producing gland (epithelial and trichomatic elaiophores) and performed a Cluster Analysis using the averages of climatic and topographic variables to determine the climate similarity among the occurrence areas of each group of bee-plant interacting species. We estimate the significant differences among the climatic conditions in the occurrence areas of the clusters. We identified a distributional pattern of plant-bee interactions that is associated with abiotic factors, especially precipitation, in the occurrence areas. Areas with higher precipitation presented the highest number of species; also, the bee species were associated to plants with epithelial elaiophore and the interactions were more generalized (many partners). In the areas with lower precipitation, we found few species; the interactive plant species include the botanical families that have flowers with trichomatic elaiophores and the interactions were more specialized (few partners). In addition, in these latter areas Centris and their interacting plant are phylogenetically related. The distributional pattern of interactions between Centris bees and floral oil producing plants in South America is related to current ecological processes, mainly precipitation, but also to past evolutionary history. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 04/15801-0 - Biodiversidade e uso sustentável de polinizadores, com ênfase em abelhas Meliponini
Beneficiário:Vera Lucia Imperatriz-Fonseca
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático