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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Plant Biomass Recalcitrance: Effect of Hemicellulose Composition on Nanoscale Forces that Control Cell Wall Strength

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Autor(es):
Silveira, Rodrigo L. [1, 2] ; Stoyanov, Stanislav R. [1, 3] ; Gusarov, Sergey [1] ; Skaf, Munir S. [2] ; Kovalenko, Andriy [1, 4]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Natl Inst Nanotechnol, Edmonton, AB T6G 2M9 - Canada
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Chem, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Alberta, Dept Chem & Mat Engn, Edmonton, AB T6G 2V4 - Canada
[4] Univ Alberta, Dept Mech Engn, Edmonton, AB T6G 2G8 - Canada
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of the American Chemical Society; v. 135, n. 51, p. 19048-19051, DEC 25 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 50
Resumo

Efficient conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to second-generation biofuels and valuable chemicals requires decomposition of resilient plant cell wall structure. Cell wall recalcitrance varies among plant species and even phenotypes, depending on the chemical composition of the noncellulosic matrix. Changing the amount and composition of branches attached to the hemicellulose backbone can significantly alter the cell wall strength and microstructure. We address the effect of hemicellulose composition on primary cell wall assembly forces by using the 3D-RISM-KH molecular theory of solvation, which provides statistical mechanical sampling and molecular picture of hemicellulose arrangement around cellulose. We show that hemicellulose branches of arabinose, glucuronic acid, and especially glucuronate strengthen the primary cell wall by strongly coordinating to hydrogen bond donor sites on the cellulose surface. We reveal molecular forces maintaining the cell wall structure and provide directions for genetic modulation of plants and pretreatment design to render biomass more amenable to processing. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/08293-7 - CECC - Centro de Engenharia e Ciências Computacionais
Beneficiário:Munir Salomao Skaf
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs