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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Influence of thermal gradients on stress state of veneered restorations

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Autor(es):
Benetti, Paula [1] ; Kelly, J. Robert [2] ; Sanchez, Mauricio [3] ; Della Bona, Alvaro [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Passo Fundo, Postgrad Program Dent, Passo Fundo, RS - Brazil
[2] Univ Connecticut, Dept Reconstruct Sci, Farmington, CT - USA
[3] FMC Technol, Houston, TX - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Dental Materials; v. 30, n. 5, p. 554-563, MAY 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 48
Resumo

Objectives. To assess transient and residual stresses within the porcelain of veneered restorations (zirconia and metal) as a result of cooling rate and porcelain thickness. Methods. Porcelain-on-zirconia (PZ) and porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) crowns were fabricated with 1 or 2 mm of porcelain. Thermocouples were attached both internally and externally to the crowns to record transient temperatures. For fast cooling, the furnace was opened after the holding time and switched off. Slow cooling was accomplished by opening the furnace at 50 degrees C below the glass transition temperature (T-g) of the material. An axially symmetric FEA model simulated thermal stresses. Time-dependent temperature equations from thermocouple readings were set as boundary conditions. Framework materials and the porcelain below T-g were considered to behave elastically. Visco-elastic behavior was assumed for porcelain above the T-g modeling properties as dependent on cooling rate. Results. Differences in residual stress were found for fast and slow cooled PZ and PFM crowns. Significant transient stress waves were observed within the porcelain when fast cooling through T-g. They are believed to be related to non-uniform volumetric changes originated from thermal gradients. Results were confirmed by modeling and physical testing of crowns containing a defect. Significance. Residual stresses do not distinguish PZ from PFM. High magnitude transient stresses observed within the porcelain during fast cooling may explain clinical fractures involving internal defects. Stress waves may also originate internal micro-cracking which could grow under function. Therefore, slow cooling, especially for all-ceramic crowns with thick porcelain, is important to prevent thermal gradients and high-magnitude transient stresses. (C) 2014 Academy of Dental Materials. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/58775-0 - Fratura precoce da porcelana em restaurações com infraestrutura de zircônia: influência de gradientes térmicos no desenvolvimento e magnitude de tensões residuais e transitórias
Beneficiário:Paula Benetti
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado