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(Referência obtida automaticamente do SciELO, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Techniques used to identify the Brazilian variant of HIV-1 subtype B

Texto completo
Autor(es):
S. Komninakis ; L. Fukumori ; R. Alcalde ; M. Cortina ; L. Abdala ; A. Brito ; S. Sanabani ; A.J.S. Duarte ; J. Casseb
Número total de Autores: 9
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research; v. 40, n. 3, p. 301-304, Mar. 2007.
Resumo

The purpose of the present study was to compare the sensitivity and specificity of V3 enzyme immunoassay (solid phase EIA and EIA inhibition) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) with the DNA sequencing "gold standard" to identify the Brazilian HIV-1 variants of subtype B and B"-GWGR. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were collected from 61 HIV-1-infected individuals attending a clinic in São Paulo. Proviral DNA was amplified and sequentially cleaved with the Fok I restriction enzyme. Plasma samples were submitted to a V3-loop biotinylated synthetic peptide EIA. Direct partial DNA sequencing of the env gene was performed on all samples. Based on EIA results, the sensitivity for detecting B-GPGR was 70%, compared to 64% for the Brazilian variant B"-GWGR while, the specificity of B-GPGR detection was 85%, compared to 88% for GWGR. The assessment of RFLP revealed 68% sensitivity and 94% specificity for the B-GPGR strain compared to 84 and 90% for the B"-GWGR variant. Moreover, direct DNA sequencing was able to detect different base sequences corresponding to amino acid sequences at the tip of the V3 loop in 22 patients. These results show a similar performance of V3 serology and RLFP in identifying the Brazilian variant GWGR. However, V3 peptide serology may give indeterminate results. Therefore, we suggest that V3 serology be used instead of DNA sequencing where resources are limited. Samples giving indeterminate results by V3 peptide serology should be analyzed by direct DNA sequencing to distinguish between B-GPGR and the Brazilian variant B"-GWGR. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 00/11868-1 - Subtipagem do HIV-1 utilizando diferentes técnicas laboratoriais
Beneficiário:Shirley Cavalcante Vasconcelos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 97/11502-2 - Avaliação de anticorpos para a alça V3 do envelope do vírus da imunodeficiência humana tipo (HIV-1)
Beneficiário:Alberto José da Silva Duarte
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular