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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Experimental Micromorphology on Burnt Shells of Anomalocardia brasiliana (Gmelin 1791) (Bivalvia, Veneridae) and Its Potential for Identification of Combustion Features on Shell-Matrix Sites

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Autor(es):
Villagran, Ximena S. [1]
Número total de Autores: 1
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Tubingen, Inst Archaeol Sci, Tubingen - Germany
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: GEOARCHAEOLOGY-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL; v. 29, n. 5, p. 389-396, SEP-OCT 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

The identification of in situ or reworked hearths in archaeological sediments is currently one of the main topics in archaeological micromorphology. In the case of shell-matrix sites (shell mounds and middens), the clast-supported matrix and high porosity can hamper the clear identification of combustion features. Previous experimental approaches were useful to identify in thin section the transformations induced by heating in mollusk shells, which are related to its mineralogy. Since different species of mollusks contain diverse mineralogy (aragonite, calcite, or both), it is expected that each species follows a specific thermal behavior, although similar general trends exist. In this short contribution, a set of valves of the mollusk Anomalocardia brasiliana (Gmelin 1791) (Bivalvia, Veneridae), the most important component of Brazilian shell mounds, was heated in a muffle furnace at temperatures from 200 degrees C to 800 degrees C. Thin sections were made and their description is presented for the identification of burnt shell of A. brasiliana. This information can help to infer the temperature of prehistoric fires and can assist in the identification of in situ versus reworked hearths in shell-matrix sites. (C) 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/51264-0 - Micromorfologia de sítios concheiros da América do Sul: arqueoestratigrafia e processos de formação de sambaquis (Santa Catarina, Brasil) e concheros (Tierra del Fuego, Argentina)
Beneficiário:Ximena Suarez Villagran
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado