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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Implications of stillage land disposal: A critical review on the impacts of fertigation

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Fuess, Lucas Tadeu [1] ; Garcia, Marcelo Loureiro [2]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos Sch Engn EESC, Lab Biol Proc, BR-13563120 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Geosci & Exact Sci, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: Journal of Environmental Management; v. 145, p. 210-229, DEC 1 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 56
Resumo

Stillage is the main wastewater from ethanol production, generated specifically in the step of distillation. Regardless the feedstock, stillage contains high concentrations of organic matter, potassium and sulfates, as well as acidic and corrosive characteristics. Currently almost the entire volume of stillage generated in Brazilian distilleries is directed to the fertigation of sugarcane fields, due to its fertilizer character. However, the polluting potential of stillage characterizes its land disposal as problematic, considering probable negative impacts on the soil structure and water resources in case of excessive dosages. Since the literature lacks critical content describing clearly the cons related to the reuse of stillage in agriculture in the long-term, this review aimed to assess the real polluting potential of stillage, and the implications of its land disposal and/or discharge into water bodies. Evidence from the literature indicate that the main obstacles to reuse stillage in natura include risks of soil salinization; clogging of pores, reduction in the microbial activity and the significant depletion of dissolved oxygen concentrations in water bodies; contamination per nitrates and eutrophication; soil structure destabilization due to high concentrations of potassium and sodium; and, possible acidification of soil and water resources, considering the low pH of stillage (similar to 4,5). Toxic metals, such as cadmium, lead, copper, chromium and nickel, were also identified in concentrations above the recommended limits in stillage samples, increasing risks to human health (e.g. carcinogenic potential) and to crops (e.g. productivity loss). In short, although some studies report benefits from the land application of stillage, its treatment prior to disposal is essential to make fertigation an environmentally suitable practice. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/04101-8 - Avaliação da capacidade de recuperação de energia em reatores anaeróbios aplicados ao tratamento de resíduos com alta concentração orgânica
Beneficiário:Lucas Tadeu Fuess
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado