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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Asexual Propagation of a Virulent Clone Complex in a Human and Feline Outbreak of Sporotrichosis

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Autor(es):
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Teixeira, Marcus de Melo [1] ; Rodrigues, Anderson Messias [2] ; Tsui, Clement K. M. [3] ; Paulo de Almeida, Luiz Gonzaga [4] ; Van Diepeningen, Anne D. [5] ; van den Ende, Bert Gerrits [5] ; Fernandes, Geisa Ferreira [2] ; Kano, Rui [6] ; Hamelin, Richard C. [3] ; Lopes-Bezerra, Leila Maria [7] ; Ribeiro Vasconcelos, Ana Tereza [4] ; de Hoog, Sybren [5] ; de Camargo, Zoilo Pires [2] ; Soares Felipe, Maria Sueli [1, 8]
Número total de Autores: 14
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Brasilia, Inst Ciencias Biol, Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Microbiol Imunol & Parasitol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ British Columbia, Dept Forest & Conservat Sci, Vancouver, BC V5Z 1M9 - Canada
[4] Lab Nacl Computacao Cient, Petropolis, RJ - Brazil
[5] Inst Royal Netherlands Acad Arts & Sci, Fungal Biodivers Ctr, Utrecht - Netherlands
[6] Nihon Univ, Dept Pathobiol, Sch Vet Med, Fujisawa, Kanagawa - Japan
[7] Univ Estado Rio de Janeiro, Inst Biol Roberto Alcantara Gomes, BR-20550011 Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[8] Univ Catolica Brasalia, Brasilia, DF - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Eukaryotic Cell; v. 14, n. 2, p. 158-169, FEB 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 17
Resumo

Sporotrichosis is one of the most frequent subcutaneous fungal infections in humans and animals caused by members of the plant-associated, dimorphic genus Sporothrix. Three of the four medically important Sporothrix species found in Brazil have been considered asexual as no sexual stage has ever been reported in Sporothrix schenckii, Sporothrix brasiliensis, or Sporothrix globosa. We have identified the mating type (MAT) loci in the S. schenckii (strain 1099-18/ATCC MYA-4821) and S. brasiliensis (strain 5110/ATCC MYA-4823) genomes by using comparative genomic approaches to determine the mating type ratio in these pathogen populations. Our analysis revealed the presence of a MAT1-1 locus in S. schenckii while a MAT1-2 locus was found in S. brasiliensis representing genomic synteny to other Sordariomycetes. Furthermore, the components of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)-pheromone pathway, pheromone processing enzymes, and meiotic regulators have also been identified in the two pathogens, suggesting the potential for sexual reproduction. The ratio of MAT1-1 to MAT1-2 was not significantly different from 1:1 for all three Sporothrix species, but the population of S. brasiliensis in the outbreaks originated from a single mating type. We also explored the population genetic structure of these pathogens using sequence data of two loci to improve our knowledge of the pattern of geographic distribution, genetic variation, and virulence phenotypes. Population genetics data showed significant population differentiation and clonality with a low level of haplotype diversity in S. brasiliensis isolates from different regions of sporotrichosis outbreaks in Brazil. In contrast, S. schenckii isolates demonstrated a high degree of genetic variability without significant geographic differentiation, indicating the presence of recombination. This study demonstrated that two species causing the same disease have contrasting reproductive strategies and genetic variability patterns. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/01628-8 - Análise proteômica de isolados de Sporothrix schenckii diferentes entre si quanto à virulência através da técnica de iTRAQ/2-D LC-MS/MS
Beneficiário:Geisa Ferreira Fernandes Sovegni
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 09/54024-2 - Biologia molecular e proteômica de fungos de interesse médico: Paracoccidioides brasiliensis e Sporothrix schenckii
Beneficiário:Zoilo Pires de Camargo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 11/07350-1 - Biologia do complexo Sporothrix schenckii: Análise de marcadores moleculares e proteômicos e o papel de moléculas antigênicas e antifúngicas na esporotricose
Beneficiário:Anderson Messias Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado