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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Peripheral chemoreceptors and cardiorespiratory coupling: a link to sympatho-excitation

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Zoccal, Daniel B. [1]
Número total de Autores: 1
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Sch Dent Araraquara, Dept Physiol & Pathol, BR-14801903 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Experimental Physiology; v. 100, n. 2, p. 143-148, FEB 1 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

New Findings What is the topic of this review? Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH), as observed in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea, is associated with the development of sympathetically mediated arterial hypertension. Nevertheless, the mechanisms underpinning the augmented sympathetic outflow in CIH still remain under investigation. What advances does it highlight? In this report, I present experimental evidence supporting the hypothesis that changes in the function of the respiratory network and coupling with the sympathetic nervous system may be considered as a novel and relevant mechanism for the increase in baseline sympathetic outflow in animals submitted to CIH. Chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) has been identified as a relevant risk factor for the development of enhanced sympathetic outflow and arterial hypertension. Several studies have highlighted the importance of peripheral chemoreceptors for the cardiovascular changes elicited by CIH. However, the effects of CIH on the central mechanisms regulating sympathetic outflow are not fully elucidated. Our research group has explored the hypothesis that the enhanced sympathetic drive following CIH exposure is, at least in part, dependent on alterations in the respiratory network and its interaction with the sympathetic nervous system. In this report, I discuss the changes in the discharge profile of baseline sympathetic activity in rats exposed to CIH, their association with the generation of active expiration and the interactions between expiratory and sympathetic neurones after CIH conditioning. Together, these findings are consistent with the theory that mechanisms of central respiratory-sympathetic coupling are a novel factor in the development of neurogenic hypertension. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/06077-5 - Alterações nas redes neurais envolvidas na geração e controle das atividades simpática e respiratória em diferentes modelos experimentais de hipóxia
Beneficiário:Benedito Honorio Machado
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 09/54888-7 - Mecanismos neurais envolvidos na quimiorrecepção
Beneficiário:Eduardo Colombari
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático