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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effects of N-acetylcysteine on skeletal muscle structure and function in a mouse model of peripheral arterial insufficiency

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Roseguini, Bruno T. [1] ; Silva, Leonardo M. [1] ; Polotow, Tatiana G. ; Barros, Marcelo P. ; Souccar, Caden [2] ; Han, Sang W. [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Biophys, Escola Paulista Med, BR-04044010 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Pharmacol, Escola Paulista Med, Sect Nat Prod, BR-04044010 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF VASCULAR SURGERY; v. 61, n. 3, p. 777-786, MAR 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 7
Resumo

Objective: Abnormalities in skeletal muscle structure and function are important contributors to exercise intolerance and functional decline in peripheral arterial disease. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that administration of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) would improve fatigue resistance and ameliorate the histopathological changes in skeletal muscle in a mouse model of peripheral arterial disease. We also anticipated that NAC treatment would lower the levels of biomarkers of oxidative damage in the ischemic muscle. Methods: Male Balb/c mice were subjected to bilateral ligation of the femoral artery and, after 2 weeks of recovery, received daily intraperitoneal injections of either NAC (150 mg/kg) or saline for 15 days. At the end of the treatment, the extensor digitorium longus (EDL) and soleus muscles were excised for assessment of contractile function in vitro and histological analysis. Free malondialdehyde and protein carbonyl levels were measured in the gastrocnemius muscle. Results: In the soleus muscle, force after 10 minutes of submaximal tetanic stimulation (60 Hz, 300 ms trains, 0.3 trains/s) was higher (P <.05) in NAC-treated animals (45% +/- 3% of the initial value; n = 7) when compared with controls (30.3% +/- 3%; n = 8). No differences were found in fatigue development between groups in the EDL muscle (ligated NAC, 35.7% +/- 1.9%; ligated saline, 37.5% +/- 1.1%). In addition, there was a tendency for lower levels of connective tissue deposition in the soleus of animals treated with NAC (n = 6) when compared with those that received only saline (n = 9) (ligated NAC, 16% +/- 2% vs ligated saline, 24% +/- 2%; P = .057). No differences were found in lipid peroxidation or protein carbonyl levels between ligated saline and ligated NAC groups. Conclusions: Taken together, these results indicate that treatment with NAC improves fatigue resistance in the soleus but not the EDL muscle in a model of peripheral arterial insufficiency. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/00859-6 - Papel do GM-CSF na reparação da lesão muscular: terapia gênica de lesões musculares
Beneficiário:Sang Won Han
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 10/51344-3 - Mecanismos presinapticos envolvidos na liberação dos neurotransmissores colinérgico e GABAérgico no sistema nervoso central do camundongo mdx: análise da modulação nicotínica em animais
Beneficiário:Caden Souccar
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 11/18197-0 - Exercício físico como ferramenta para aumentar a eficácia da terapia celular com células-tronco mensequimais em modelo de doença arterial periférica
Beneficiário:Bruno Tesini Roseguini
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado