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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Combined nitrogen limitation and cadmium stress stimulate total carbohydrates, lipids, protein and amino acid accumulation in Chlorella vulgaris (Trebouxiophyceae)

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Autor(es):
Chia, Mathias Ahii [1] ; Lombardi, Ana Teresa [1] ; Gama Melao, Maria da Graca [2] ; Parrish, Christopher C. [3]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Bot, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Hydrobiol, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Mem Univ Newfoundland, Dept Ocean Sci, St John, NF A1C 5S7 - Canada
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: AQUATIC TOXICOLOGY; v. 160, p. 87-95, MAR 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 31
Resumo

Metals have interactive effects on the uptake and metabolism of nutrients in microalgae. However, the effect of trace metal toxicity on amino acid composition of Chlorella vulgaris as a function of varying nitrogen concentrations is not known. In this research, C vulgaris was used to investigate the influence of cadmium (10(-7) and 2.0 x 10(-8) mol L-1 Cd) under varying nitrogen (2.9 x 10(-6), 1.1 x 10(-5) and 1.1 x 10(-3) mol L-1 N) concentrations on its growth rate, biomass and biochemical composition. Total carbohydrates, total proteins, total lipids, as well as individual amino acid proportions were determined. The combination of Cd stress and N limitation significantly inhibited growth rate and cell density of C vulgaris. However, increasing N limitation and Cd stress stimulated higher dry weight and chlorophyll a production per cell. Furthermore, biomolecules like total proteins, carbohydrates and lipids increased with increasing N limitation and Cd stress. Ketogenic and glucogenic amino acids were accumulated under the stress conditions investigated in the present study. Amino acids involved in metal chelation like proline, histidine and glutamine were significantly increased after exposure to combined Cd stress and N limitation. We conclude that N limitation and Cd stress affects the physiology of C. vulgaris by not only decreasing its growth but also stimulating biomolecule production. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/02078-9 - Estudos ecofisiológicos e de processos produtivos do Anostraca dulcícola Dendrocephalus brasiliensis Pesta 1921 e suas implicações nas comunidades zooplanctônica e nectônica
Beneficiário:Maria da Graça Gama Melão
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 08/03487-0 - Cultivo de microalgas em fotobiorreator como ferramenta para o sequestro do CO2 atmosférico
Beneficiário:Ana Teresa Lombardi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - PITE