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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Decreased glial reactivity could be involved in the antipsychotic-like effect of cannabidiol

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Autor(es):
Gomes, Felipe V. [1, 2] ; Llorente, Ricardo [3] ; Del Bel, Elaine A. [2, 4] ; Viveros, Maria-Paz [5] ; Lopez-Gallardo, Meritxell [3] ; Guimaraes, Francisco S. [2, 1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Med Sch Ribeirao Preto, Dept Pharmacol, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Interdisciplinary Res Appl Neurosci NAPNA, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Complutense Madrid, Fac Med, Dept Physiol, E-28040 Madrid - Spain
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Odontol Ribeirao Preto, Dept Physiol, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Complutense Madrid, Fac Biol, Dept Physiol Anim Physiol 2, E-28040 Madrid - Spain
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SCHIZOPHRENIA RESEARCH; v. 164, n. 1-3, p. 155-163, MAY 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 46
Resumo

NMDA receptor hypofunction could be involved, in addition to the positive, also to the negative symptoms and cognitive deficits found in schizophrenia patients. An increasing number of data has linked schizophrenia with neuroinflammatory conditions and glial cells, such as microglia and astrocytes, have been related to the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Cannabidiol (CBD), a major non-psychotomimetic constituent of Cannabis sativa with anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties induces antipsychotic-like effects. The present study evaluated if repeated treatment with CBD (30 and 60 mg/kg) would attenuate the behavioral and glial changes observed in an animal model of schizophrenia based on the NMDA receptor hypofunction (chronic administration of MK-801, an NMDA receptor antagonist, for 28 days). The behavioral alterations were evaluated in the social interaction and novel object recognition (NOR) tests. These tests have been widely used to study changes related to negative symptoms and cognitive deficits of schizophrenia, respectively. We also evaluated changes in NeuN (a neuronal marker), Iba-1 (a microglia marker) and GFAP (an astrocyte marker) expression in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), dorsal striatum, nucleus accumbens core and shell, and dorsal hippocampus by immunohistochemistry. CBD effects were compared to those induced by the atypical antipsychotic clozapine. Repeated MK-801 administration impaired performance in the social interaction and NOR tests. It also increased the number of GFAP-positive astrocytes in the mPFC and the percentage of Iba-1-positive microglia cells with a reactive phenotype in the mPFC and dorsal hippocampus without changing the number of Iba-1-positive cells. No change in the number of NeuN-positive cells was observed. Both the behavioral disruptions and the changes in expression of glial markers induced by MK-801 treatment were attenuated by repeated treatment with CBD or clozapine. These data reinforces the proposal that CBD may induce antipsychotic-like effects. Although the possible mechanism of action of these effects is still unknown, it may involve CBD anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties. Furthermore, our data support the view that inhibition of microglial activation may improve schizophrenia symptoms. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/17626-7 - Mecanismos celulares e moleculares envolvidos no papel de neurotransmissores atípicos em transtornos neuropsiquiátricos
Beneficiário:Francisco Silveira Guimaraes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 12/14144-1 - Avaliação do envolvimento de alterações neuronais e em células da glia nas propriedades antipiscóticas do cannabidiol
Beneficiário:Felipe Villela Gomes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 10/17343-0 - Avaliação dos efeitos do canabidiol sobre as alterações comportamentais e moleculares induzidas pelo tratamento repetido com MK-801
Beneficiário:Felipe Villela Gomes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado