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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Biogeographic history and cryptic diversity of saxicolous Tropiduridae lizards endemic to the semiarid Caatinga

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Autor(es):
Werneck, Fernanda P. [1, 2] ; Leite, Rafael N. [3] ; Geurgas, Silvia R. [4] ; Rodrigues, Miguel T. [4]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Brasilia, Dept Zool, BR-70910900 Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[2] Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Programa Colecoes Cient Biol, BR-69060000 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[3] Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Coordenacao Biodiversidade, BR-69060000 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BMC Evolutionary Biology; v. 15, MAY 23 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 34
Resumo

Background: Phylogeographic research has advanced in South America, with increasing efforts on taxa from the dry diagonal biomes. However, the diversification of endemic fauna from the semiarid Caatinga biome in northeastern Brazil is still poorly known. Here we targeted saxicolous lizards of the Tropidurus semitaeniatus species group to better understand the evolutionary history of these endemic taxa and the Caatinga. We estimated a time-calibrated phylogeny for the species group based on two mitochondrial and two nuclear genes and jointly estimated the species limits and species tree within the group. We also devoted a denser phylogeographic sampling of the T. semitaeniatus complex to explore migration patterns, and the spatiotemporal diffusion history to verify a possible role of the Sao Francisco River as a promoter of differentiation in this saxicolous group of lizards. Results: Phylogenetic analysis detected high cryptic genetic diversity, occurrence of unique microendemic lineages associated with older highlands, and a speciation history that took place during the Pliocene-Pleistocene transition. Species delimitation detected five evolutionary entities within the T. semitaeniatus species group, albeit with low support. Thus, additional data are needed for a more accurate definition of species limits and interspecific relationships within this group. Spatiotemporal analyses reconstructed the geographic origin of the T. semitaeniatus species complex to be located north of the present-day course of the Sao Francisco River, followed by dispersal that expanded its distribution towards the northwest and south. Gene flow estimates showed higher migration rates into the lineages located north of the Sao Francisco River. Conclusions: The phylogenetic and population structures are intrinsically associated with stable rock surfaces and landscape rearrangements, such as the establishment of drainage basins located to the northern and southern distribution ranges. The T. semitaeniatus complex preserved high genetic diversity during range expansion, possibly as a result of frequent long-distance dispersal events. Our results indicate that both the current course of the Sao Francisco River and its paleo-courses had an important role in promoting diversification of the Caatinga endemic T. semitaeniatus species group. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 03/10335-8 - Sistemática e evolução da herpetofauna neotropical
Beneficiário:Miguel Trefaut Urbano Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 11/50146-6 - Filogeografia comparada, filogenia, modelagem paleoclimática e taxonomia de répteis e anfíbios neotropicais
Beneficiário:Miguel Trefaut Urbano Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 13/50297-0 - Dimensions US-BIOTA São Paulo: integrando disciplinas para a predição da biodiversidade da Floresta Atlântica no Brasil
Beneficiário:Cristina Yumi Miyaki
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático