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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Chytrid fungus acts as a generalist pathogen infecting species-rich amphibian families in Brazilian rainforests

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Autor(es):
Valencia-Aguilar, Anyelet [1] ; Ruano-Fajardo, Gustavo [1] ; Lambertini, Carolina [2] ; Leite, Domingos da Silva [3] ; Toledo, Luis Felipe [2] ; Mott, Tami [4]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Alagoas, Inst Ciencias Biol & Saude, Programa Posgrad Diversidade Biol & Conservacao N, BR-57052970 Maceio, AL - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Biol Anim, Inst Biol, LaHNAB, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Lab Antigenos Bacterianos, Dept Genet Evolucao & Bioagentes, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Alagoas, Inst Ciencias Biol & Saude, Setor Biodiversidade, BR-57052970 Maceio, AL - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: DISEASES OF AQUATIC ORGANISMS; v. 114, n. 1, p. 61-67, MAY 11 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 11
Resumo

The fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) is among the main causes of declines in amphibian populations. This fungus is considered a generalist pathogen because it infects several species and spreads rapidly in the wild. To date, Bd has been detected in more than 100 anuran species in Brazil, mostly in the southern portion of the Atlantic forest. Here, we report survey data from some poorly explored regions; these data considerably extend current information on the distribution of Bd in the northern Atlantic forest region. In addition, we tested the hypothesis that Bd is a generalist pathogen in this biome. We also report the first positive record for Bd in an anuran caught in the wild in Amazonia. In total, we screened 90 individuals (from 27 species), of which 39 individuals (from 22 species) were Bd-positive. All samples collected in Bahia (2 individuals), Pernambuco (3 individuals), Para (1 individual), and Minas Gerais (1 individual) showed positive results for Bd. We found a positive correlation between anuran richness per family and the number of infected species in the Atlantic forest, supporting previous observations that Bd lacks strong host specificity; of 38% of the anuran species in the Atlantic forest that were tested for Bd infection, 25% showed positive results. The results of our study exemplify the pandemic and widespread nature of Bd infection in amphibians. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/51694-7 - Into the heart of an epidemic: a US-Brazil collaboration for integrative studies of the amphibian-killing fungus in Brazil
Beneficiário:Luis Felipe de Toledo Ramos Pereira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/04160-0 - Variação fenotípica de Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis como preditora de infecção em anuros da Mata Atlântica
Beneficiário:Carolina Lambertini
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado