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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

In vitro study of the neuropathic potential of the organophosphorus compounds fenamiphos and profenofos: Comparison with mipafox and paraoxon

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Emerick, Guilherme L. [1, 2] ; Fernandes, Lais S. [1] ; de Paula, Eloisa Silva [1] ; Barbosa, Jr., Fernando [1] ; Guinaim dos Santos, Neife Aparecida [1] ; dos Santos, Antonio Cardozo [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, FCFRP, Dept Anal Clin Toxicol & Bromatol, BR-14040903 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Mato Grosso, Inst Ciencias Saude, Dept Farm, CUS, BR-78557267 Sinop, MT - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: TOXICOLOGY IN VITRO; v. 29, n. 5, p. 1079-1087, AUG 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 7
Resumo

Organophosphorus-induced delayed neuropathy (OPIDN) is a central-peripheral distal axonopathy that develops 8-14 days after poisoning by a neuropathic organophosphorus compound (OP). Several OPs that caused OPIDN were withdrawn from the agricultural market due to induction of serious delayed effects. Therefore, the development of in vitro screenings able to differentiate neuropathic from non-neuropathic OPs is of crucial importance. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the differences in the neurotoxic effects of mipafox (neuropathic OP) and paraoxon (non-neuropathic OP) in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells, using the inhibition and aging of neuropathy target esterase (NTE), inhibition of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), activation of calpain, neurite outgrowth, cytotoxicity and intracellular calcium as indicators. Additionally, the potential of fenamiphos and profenofos to cause acute and/or delayed effects was also evaluated. Mipafox had the lowest IC50 and induced the highest percentage of aging of NTE among the OPs evaluated. Only mipafox was able to cause calpain activation after 24 h of incubation. Concentrations of mipafox and fenamiphos which inhibited at least 70% of NTE were also able to reduce neurite outgrowth. Cytotoxicity was higher in non-neuropathic than in neuropathic OPs while the intracellular calcium levels were higher in neuropathic than in non-neuropathic OPs. In conclusion, the SH-SY5Y cellular model was selective to differentiate neuropathic from non-neuropathic OPs; fenamiphos, but not profenofos presented results compatible with the induction of OPIDN. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/16319-3 - Estudo in vitro dos mecanismos de neurotoxicidade do organofosforado triclorfom: estratégias de neuroproteção
Beneficiário:Lais da Silva Fernandes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 12/00168-6 - Neuropatia retardada induzida por organofosforados: estudos in vitro dos mecanismos de neurotoxicidade e de neuroproteção
Beneficiário:Guilherme Luz Emerick
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado