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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Serological Evidence of Infection by Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum (Synonym: Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi) in Free-Ranging Wild Mammals in a Nonendemic Region of the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil

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Autor(es):
Paiz, Lais Moraes [1] ; Fornazari, Felipe [1] ; Menozzi, Benedito Donizete [1] ; Oliveira, Gabriela Capriogli [1] ; Coiro, Carla Janeiro [1] ; Teixeira, Carlos Roberto [2] ; Campanucci da Silva, Valdinei Moraes [3] ; Donalisio, Maria Rita [4] ; Langoni, Helio [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Sch Vet Med & Anim Sci, Dept Vet Med & Publ Hlth, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Sch Vet Med & Anim Sci, Ctr Wildlife Med & Res, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] Botucatu Municipal Secretariat Hlth, Environm Hlth Surveillance, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[4] State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Sch Med Sci, Dept Publ Hlth, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: VECTOR-BORNE AND ZOONOTIC DISEASES; v. 15, n. 11, p. 667-673, NOV 1 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Concerns about the interface between wildlife, domestic animals, and humans in the transmission of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) have been growing due to natural or anthropogenic environmental changes. In this context, investigations of the infection in wild mammals are important to assess their exposure to the vector and the parasite. A study of anti-Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum antibodies was carried out using the direct agglutination test (DAT) on 528 free-ranging wild mammals of 38 species from the region of Botucatu, state of SAo Paulo, Brazil, a municipality that has no records of the vector or of human or canine autochthony. Antibodies were detected, with a cutoff of 1:320, in 9/528 (1.7%; 95% confidence interval {[}CI] 0.6-2.8%) mammals of the species Callithrix jacchus, Lepus europaeus, Sphiggurus villosus, Nasua nasua, Eira barbara, and Galictis cuja, with high titers (1280) for the last three. These three are little-studied species, and previous records of the detection of anti-Leishmania spp. antibodies in Brazil exist only for coatis (N. nasua), whereas worldwide, infection by L. (L.) infantum has been confirmed only in hares (Le. europaeus). On the other hand, opossums and canids, the species most commonly reported to be naturally infected by L. (L.) infantum, were not seropositive. Fifty-eight (58/528; 10.9%) mammals were found to have antibody titers ranging from 20 to 160 and were not included among the seropositive animals due to the adopted cutoff. However, the possibility of infection in these animals should not be discarded, because there is no standard cutoff point for the different wild species. Our findings indicate the need for investigations into the exact role of the seropositive species in the epidemiology of VL and for effective epidemiological surveillance to prevent its expansion, because even in regions where there are no records of canine or human autochthonous cases, there may be parasite circulation among wild mammals. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/05285-0 - Pesquisa de Leptospira spp. em mamíferos silvestres de vida livre na região de Botucatu, SP: implicações na conservação de espécies e na saúde pública
Beneficiário:Helio Langoni
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/02927-1 - Pesquisa de leptospira spp. em mamíferos silvestres de vida livre na região de botucatu, sp: implicações na conservação de espécies e na saúde pública
Beneficiário:Felipe Fornazari
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado