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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Investigation into the kinetic behavior of biomass combustion under N-2/O-2 and CO2/O-2 atmospheres

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Autor(es):
Cruz, Glauber [1] ; Crnkovic, Paula Manoel [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Engn Sch Sao Carlos, Dept Mech Engn, Thermal Engn & Fluids Lab, BR-13566590 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY; v. 123, n. 2, p. 1003-1011, FEB 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 14
Resumo

Isoconversional kinetic method (model-free kinetics) was used in this study to determine the activation energies (E (a)) of the combustion process of five different biomass samples, namely pine sawdust, sugarcane bagasse, coffee husk, rice husk and tucum seeds, widely available in Brazil. Two different atmospheres with 20 % O-2:N-2/O-2 (conventional combustion) and CO2/O-2 (typical oxy-fuel combustion) were studied. Thermogravimetric (TG) and derivative thermogravimetric (DTG) curves were used to obtain experimental data on the thermal degradation behavior of the biomasses, and the activation energy values were obtained for hemicellulose, cellulose and residual lignin separately. The results show that the E (a) obtained for N-2/O-2 ranged from 68 to 236 kJ mol(-1) for hemicellulose, 119 to 209 kJ mol(-1) for cellulose and 87 to 205 kJ mol(-1) for residual lignin, depending on the type of biomass. Under CO2/O-2 atmosphere, E (a) showed decreases, in average, 35 % for hemicellulose and 26 % for cellulose, in comparison with N-2/O-2 atmosphere. However, a 6 % increase was observed for the residual lignin. These changes can be understood by differences between CO2 and N-2 gas properties. However, the results show that the variation in the E (a) is more dependent on the type of biomass than on the atmosphere at which the combustion takes place. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/00639-9 - Estudo do comportamento térmico e das emissões de biomassas em atmosferas típicas de combustão convencional e oxi-combustão
Beneficiário:Paula Cristina Garcia Manoel Crnkovic
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Regular