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Morphologic and sedimentologic patterns of active aeolian dune-fields on the east coast of MaranhAo, northeast Brazil

Texto completo
Hilbert, Natalia Naches [1] ; Guedes, Carlos C. F. [2] ; Giannini, Paulo C. F. [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geociencias, BR-01498 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Ciencias Mar, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: EARTH SURFACE PROCESSES AND LANDFORMS; v. 41, n. 1, p. 87-97, JAN 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 2

The eastern portion of the MaranhAo coast is characterized by large active dune-fields located in a tropical setting. This article combines the analysis of dune-field morphologic patterns with the classical analysis of grain size and heavy minerals to study the sedimentary dynamics of the active aeolian system in this region. Based on the heavy mineral analysis, the main sedimentary suppliers feeding the system are the westward alongshore drift bringing sand from the coast east of the Parnaiba River mouth and the river itself. The absence of well-defined variation patterns of the two morphometric parameters studied, dune spacing and crest length, reflects complex sedimentary dynamics and transport pathways, inside the aeolian system, despite the unidirectional wind. During the wet season, the interdune plains are flooded and the system is intensely reworked by intermittent drainages. During the dry season, the deposits formed by the drainages and interdune lakes become temporary internal sedimentary sources for the system. Due to this combined aeolian-fluvial transport, the sediment source area has a planar geometry, with contributions from the beach and interdune plains, and not linear as expected in a typical case of source only in the beach. The areal limits of the dune-fields is the main boundary condition controlling the dune-field patterns, as dune spacing and crest length, by changing the sedimentary inflow-outflow balance and interactions between migration dunes. Copyright (c) 2015 John Wiley \& Sons, Ltd. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/10521-2 - Cronologia e sedimentologia dos depósitos eólicos quaternários da costa leste maranhense
Beneficiário:Carlos Conforti Ferreira Guedes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/10820-0 - Morfologia e sedimentologia dos campos de dunas eólicas dos lençóis maranhenses e pequenos lençóis, maranhão
Beneficiário:Natalia Naches Hilbert
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica