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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Genetic structuring among populations of the great egret, Ardea alba egretta, in major Brazilian wetlands

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Correa, Thais Camilo [1] ; Del Lama, Silvia Nassif [1] ; De Souza, Juliana Rossi [1] ; Mino, Carolina Isabel [1, 2, 3]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Genet & Evolucao, BR-13560 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Nacl Misiones UNaM, CONICET, IBS, Bertoni 85, RA-3370 Puerto Iguazu, Misiones - Argentina
[3] Asociac Civil Ctr Invest Bosque Atlantico CeIBA, Bertoni 85, RA-3370 Puerto Iguazu, Misiones - Argentina
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Citações Web of Science: 4

1. Waterbirds are increasingly affected by climate change and human disturbances to the wetlands on which they roost, forage and breed. The evolutionary response of populations to such changes is influenced by genetic variability and gene flow patterns, which enable long-term survival. Thus, genetic monitoring of waterbird populations can provide valuable information to support conservation measures and management policies for wetlands. 2. This study assessed past and contemporary levels of genetic diversity, estimated effective population sizes (Ne) and investigated gene flow patterns among populations of the great egret, Ardea alba egretta, settled in major Brazilian wetlands. 3. Samples (N = 200) were collected from the northern, central western, south-eastern and southern regions of Brazil. AMOVA, F-statistics, assignment tests, Bayesian clustering analyses and Ne were estimated based on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and microsatellite loci. 4. The populations share most mitochondrial haplotypes, suggesting a common recent past. Mismatch analyses, Fs and D statistics, and SSD and Rg indices indicated significant signs of expansion in most populations. The time since expansion suggests that egrets colonized southern latitudes more recently, probably accompanying the supposed historical environmental changes in South America, with more stable habitats toward equatorial regions. 5. MtDNA.ST revealed significant differentiation between the northern and both the central western and southern populations. Nuclear loci demonstrated significant structuring between the central western and southern populations, which showed similar effective sizes. 6. Despite the considerable dispersal potential of the great egret, there is limited gene flow among populations located in different Brazilian wetlands. Therefore, colonies from different regions should be preserved, with special attention to the northern populations, whose allelic constitution differs from the other. This approach can be used to genetically monitor similar species in other wetlands or to great egret populations in other regions of the Americas. Copyright \# 2015 John Wiley \& Sons, Ltd. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/50406-5 - Colonização do continente americano pelas populações africanas de garça-vaqueira (Bubulcus ibis): a genética desvendando o processo de bioinvasão
Beneficiário:Silvia Nassif Del Lama
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 07/52962-0 - Histórico demográfico e filogeografia em populações de Ardea alba egretta do Pantanal e Rio Grande do Sul
Beneficiário:Thaís Camilo Corrêa
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 10/52315-7 - Predadores de topo de cadeia alimentar
Beneficiário:Pedro Manoel Galetti Junior
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 04/15205-8 - Genética de populações de Ciconiiformes (Aves) em áreas úmidas brasileiras
Beneficiário:Silvia Nassif Del Lama
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular