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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Genetic structuring among populations of the great egret, Ardea alba egretta, in major Brazilian wetlands

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Correa, Thais Camilo [1] ; Del Lama, Silvia Nassif [1] ; De Souza, Juliana Rossi [1] ; Mino, Carolina Isabel [1, 2, 3]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Genet & Evolucao, BR-13560 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Nacl Misiones UNaM, CONICET, IBS, Bertoni 85, RA-3370 Puerto Iguazu, Misiones - Argentina
[3] Asociac Civil Ctr Invest Bosque Atlantico CeIBA, Bertoni 85, RA-3370 Puerto Iguazu, Misiones - Argentina
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 4

1. Waterbirds are increasingly affected by climate change and human disturbances to the wetlands on which they roost, forage and breed. The evolutionary response of populations to such changes is influenced by genetic variability and gene flow patterns, which enable long-term survival. Thus, genetic monitoring of waterbird populations can provide valuable information to support conservation measures and management policies for wetlands. 2. This study assessed past and contemporary levels of genetic diversity, estimated effective population sizes (Ne) and investigated gene flow patterns among populations of the great egret, Ardea alba egretta, settled in major Brazilian wetlands. 3. Samples (N = 200) were collected from the northern, central western, south-eastern and southern regions of Brazil. AMOVA, F-statistics, assignment tests, Bayesian clustering analyses and Ne were estimated based on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and microsatellite loci. 4. The populations share most mitochondrial haplotypes, suggesting a common recent past. Mismatch analyses, Fs and D statistics, and SSD and Rg indices indicated significant signs of expansion in most populations. The time since expansion suggests that egrets colonized southern latitudes more recently, probably accompanying the supposed historical environmental changes in South America, with more stable habitats toward equatorial regions. 5. MtDNA.ST revealed significant differentiation between the northern and both the central western and southern populations. Nuclear loci demonstrated significant structuring between the central western and southern populations, which showed similar effective sizes. 6. Despite the considerable dispersal potential of the great egret, there is limited gene flow among populations located in different Brazilian wetlands. Therefore, colonies from different regions should be preserved, with special attention to the northern populations, whose allelic constitution differs from the other. This approach can be used to genetically monitor similar species in other wetlands or to great egret populations in other regions of the Americas. Copyright \# 2015 John Wiley \& Sons, Ltd. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/50406-5 - Colonization of the American Continent by African populations of cattle egret (Bubulcus ibis) and its parasites (Plasmodium and Haemoproteus): genetics revealing the bioinvasion process
Grantee:Silvia Nassif Del Lama
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/52315-7 - Top predators of food chain
Grantee:Pedro Manoel Galetti Junior
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants