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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Enhanced Immune Response in Immunodeficient Mice Improves Peripheral Nerve Regeneration Following Axotomy

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Autor(es):
Bombeiro, Andre L. [1] ; Santini, Julio C. [1] ; Thome, Rodolfo [1] ; Ferreira, Elisangela R. L. [1] ; Nunes, Sergio L. O. [1] ; Moreira, Barbara M. [1] ; Bonet, Ivan J. M. [1] ; Sartori, Cesar R. [1] ; Verinaud, Liana [1] ; Oliveira, Alexandre L. R. [1]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Struct & Funct Biol, Campinas - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN CELLULAR NEUROSCIENCE; v. 10, JUN 14 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 14
Resumo

Injuries to peripheral nerves cause loss of motor and sensory function, greatly affecting life quality. Successful repair of the lesioned nerve requires efficient cell debris removal, followed by axon regeneration and reinnervation of target organs. Such process is orchestrated by several cellular and molecular events in which glial and immune cells actively participate. It is known that tissue clearance is largely improved by macrophages, which activation is potentiated by cells and molecules of the acquired immune system, such as T helper lymphocytes and antibodies, respectively. In the present work, we evaluated the contribution of lymphocytes in the regenerative process of crushed sciatic nerves of immunocompetent (wild-type. WT) and T and B-deficient (RAG-KO) mice. In Knockout animals, we found increased amount of macrophages under basal conditions and during the initial phase of the regenerative process, that was evaluated at 2, 4, and 8 weeks after lesion (wal). That parallels with faster axonal regeneration evidenced by the quantification of neurofilament and a growth associated protein immunolabeling. The motor function, evaluated by the sciatic function index, was fully recovered in both mouse strains within 4 wal, either in a progressive fashion, as observed for RAG-KO mice, or presenting a subtle regression, as seen in VVT mice between 2 and 3 wal. Interestingly, boosting the immune response by early adoptive transference of activated VVT lymphocytes at 3 days after lesion improved motor recovery in WT and RAG-KO mice, which was not ameliorated when cells were transferred at 2 wal. When monitoring lymphocytes by in vivo imaging, in both mouse strains, cells migrated to the lesion site shortly after transference, remaining in the injured limb up to its complete motor recovery. Moreover, a first peak of hyperalgesia, determined by von-Frey test, was coincident with increased lymphocyte infiltration in the damaged paw. Overall, the present results suggest that a wave of immune cell infiltration takes place during subacute phase of axonal regeneration, resulting in transient set back of motor recovery following peripheral axonal injury. Moreover, modulation of the immune response can be an efficient approach to speed up nerve regeneration. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/08712-4 - Envolvimento de moléculas do complexo principal de histocompatibilidade de Classe I na plasticidade sináptica, reatividade glial e regeneração axonal
Beneficiário:André Luis Bombeiro
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/20456-6 - Participação de moléculas do complexo principal de histocompatibilidade de Classe I na reatividade astrocitária após transecção do nervo isquiático
Beneficiário:Sérgio Luiz Oliveira Nunes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 14/06892-3 - Utilização de células tronco mesenquimais na interface do sistema nervoso central e periférico: reparo de lesões proximais
Beneficiário:Alexandre Leite Rodrigues de Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático