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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Systematics of stalked jellyfishes (Cnidaria: Staurozoa)

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Autor(es):
Miranda, Lucilia S. [1] ; Hirano, Yayoi M. [2] ; Mills, Claudia E. [3, 4] ; Falconer, Audrey [5, 6] ; Fenwick, David ; Marques, Antonio C. [7, 1] ; Collins, Allen G. [8]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Nat Hist Museum & Inst, Coastal Branch, Katsuura, Chiba - Japan
[3] Univ Washington, Friday Harbor Labs, Friday Harbor, WA 98250 - USA
[4] Univ Washington, Dept Biol, Friday Harbor, WA - USA
[5] Field Naturalists Club Victoria, Marine Res Grp, Melbourne, Vic - Australia
[6] Museum Victoria, Dept Sci, Melbourne, Vic - Australia
[7] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Biol Marinha, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[8] Smithsonian Inst, Natl Museum Nat Hist, Natl Systemat Lab, Natl Marine Fisheries Serv, Washington, DC 20560 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PeerJ; v. 4, MAY 5 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 13
Resumo

Staurozoan classification is highly subjective, based on phylogeny-free inferences, and suborders, families, and genera are commonly defined by homoplasies. Additionally, many characters used in the taxonomy of the group have ontogenetic and intraspecific variation, and demand new and consistent assessments to establish their correct homologies. Consequently, Staurozoa is in need of a thorough systematic revision. The aim of this study is to propose a comprehensive phylogenetic hypothesis for Staurozoa, providing the first phylogenetic classification for the group. According to our working hypothesis based on a combined set of molecular data (mitochondrial markers COI and 16S, and nuclear markers ITS, 18S, and 28S), the traditional suborders Cleistocarpida (animals with claustrum) and Eleutherocarpida (animals without claustrum) are not monophyletic. Instead, our results show that staurozoans are divided into two groups, herein named Amyostaurida and Myostaurida, which can be distinguished by the absence/presence of interradial longitudinal muscles in the peduncle, respectively. We propose a taxonomic revision at the family and genus levels hat preserves the monophyly of taxa. We provide a key for staurozoan genera and discuss the evolution of the main characters used in staurozoan taxonomy. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/50484-4 - Biodiversity and distribution patterns of the Medusozoa form the South-Western Atlantic
Beneficiário:Antonio Carlos Marques
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 10/07362-7 - Evolução em Staurozoa: subsídios moleculares, morfológicos, de cnidoma e desenvolvimento
Beneficiário:Lucília Souza Miranda
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/50242-5 - Dimensões da vida marinha: padrões e processos de diversificação em cnidários planctônicos e bentônicos
Beneficiário:Antonio Carlos Marques
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 10/52324-6 - Síntese e lacunas do conhecimento sobre os organismos da zona costeiro-marinha brasileira
Beneficiário:Antonio Carlos Marques
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Regular