Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Leptospira spp.: Novel insights into host-pathogen interactions

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Fernandes, Luis G. [1, 2] ; Siqueira, Gabriela H. [1, 2] ; Teixeira, Aline R. F. [1, 2] ; Silva, Lucas P. [1, 2] ; Figueredo, Jupciana M. [1, 2] ; Cosate, Maria R. [1] ; Vieira, Monica L. [1] ; Nascimento, Ana L. T. O. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Butantan, Ctr Biotecnol, Ave Vital Brazil 1500, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Ciencias Biomed, Programa Pos Grad Interunidades Biotecnol, Ave Prof Lineu Prestes 1730, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: VETERINARY IMMUNOLOGY AND IMMUNOPATHOLOGY; v. 176, p. 50-57, AUG 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 13
Resumo

Leptospirosis is a widespread zoonosis caused by pathogenic Leptospira spp. It is an important infectious disease that affects humans and animals. The disease causes economic losses as it affects livestock, with decreased milk production and death. Our group is investigating the genome sequences of L. interrogans targeting surface-exposed proteins because, due to their location, these proteins are capable to interact with several host components that could allow establishment of the infection. These interactions may involve adhesion of the bacteria to extracellular matrix (ECM) components and, hence, help bacterial colonization. The bacteria could also react with the host fibrinolytic system and/or with the coagulation cascade components, such as, plasminogen (PLG) and fibrinogen (Fg), respectively. The binding with the first system generates plasmin (PLA), increasing the proteolytic power of the bacteria, while the second interferes with clotting in a thrombin-catalyzed reaction, which may promote hemorrhage foci and increase bacterial dissemination. Interaction with the complement system negative regulators may help bacteria to evade the host immune system, facilitating the invasion. This work compiles the main described leptospiral proteins that could act as adhesins, as PLG and fibrinogen receptors and as complement regulator binding proteins. We present models in which we suggest possible mechanisms of how leptospires might colonize and invade host tissues, causing the disease. Understanding leptospiral pathogenesis will help to identify antigen candidates that would contribute to the development of more effective vaccines and diagnostic tests. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/23913-9 - Identificação e caracterização de proteínas de Leptospira interrogans envolvidas nas interações patógeno - hospedeiro
Beneficiário:Ana Lucia Tabet Oller Do Nascimento
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular