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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Surface expression of inhibitory (CTLA-4) and stimulatory (OX40) receptors by CD4(+) regulatory T cell subsets circulating in human malaria

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Autor(es):
Goncalves-Lopes, Raquel M. ; Lima, Nathalia F. ; Carvalho, Karina I. ; Scopel, Kezia K. G. ; Kallas, Esper G. ; Ferreira, Marcelo U.
Número total de Autores: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Microbes and Infection; v. 18, n. 10, p. 639-648, OCT 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 7
Resumo

Several CD4(+) T cell subtypes contribute to immune homeostasis in malaria, but the markers that define the main suppressive T cell subsets induced by this infection remain largely unknown. Here we provide a detailed phenotypic characterization of immunoregulatory CD4(+) T cell populations in uncomplicated human malaria. We found an increased proportion of CD4(+) T cells expressing CTLA-4, OX40, GITR, TNFRII, and CD69 in acute-phase single-species infections with Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium falciparum, or both. Such an increase was not proportional to parasite density in P. vivax infections, and did not persist after parasite clearance. Significantly, less than 10% of CD4(+) T cells expressing these regulatory molecules had the classical T regulatory (Treg) phenotype (CD4(+)CD25(+)CD127(-)FoxP3(+)). Two major Treg cell subpopulations, which together accounted for 19-23% of all Treg cells circulating in malaria patients, expressed surface receptors with opposing regulatory functions, either CTLA-4 or OX40. OX40(+) Treg cells outnumbered their CTLA-4(+) counterparts (1.8:1) during acute P. vivax infection, while a more balanced ratio (1.3:1) was observed following parasite clearance These data reveal new players in the complex CD4(+) Treg cell network that maintains immune homeostasis in malaria and suggest potential targets for therapeutic interventions to improve parasite-specific effector immune responses. (C) 2016 Institut Pasteur. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/52146-0 - Caracterização fenotípica e funcional de populações de linfócitos T CD4+ com possível função imunorreguladora na malária humana
Beneficiário:Marcelo Urbano Ferreira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular