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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Anomalous patterns of SST and moisture sources in the South Atlantic Ocean associated with dry events in southeastern Brazil

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Autor(es):
Pampuch, Luana Albertani ; Drumond, Anita ; Gimeno, Luis ; Ambrizzi, Tercio
Número total de Autores: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY; v. 36, n. 15, p. 4913-4928, DEC 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

This paper examines the distributions of anomalies of sea surface temperature (SST) and of the moisture sources in the South Atlantic Ocean during extreme dry events in southeastern Brazil in the austral autumn, winter and spring for the period 1982-2009. The extreme dry events were identified based on a combination in which consecutive dry days and variable percentiles were considered in five homogeneous regions in terms of precipitation in southeastern Brazil, as defined through cluster analysis. Composites of anomalies of SST and moisture sources for the dry events selected for the different homogeneous regions show specific characteristics for each region, but some similarities were apparent for the southern and northern parts of southeast Brazil. During spring in all regions, and during autumn and winter in the southern regions, a tripole pattern of SST anomalies was found (negative, positive and negative), together with an anomalous anticyclonic circulation in the Atlantic Ocean transporting moisture to southern Brazil associated with positive SST anomalies. A decrease in the climatological moisture sources in the south of Brazil then ensues, and dry conditions prevail in the regions of interest. In winter and autumn in the northern regions, the same tripole pattern of SST anomalies was also found, but shifted northwards. An anomalous cyclone is associated with the negative SST anomalies, and the climatological moisture sources to the northeast of Brazil reduce their contribution to the region of interest, where negative precipitation anomalies are registered. It seems that the events selected show the results of reductions both in terms of the availability of moisture and in atmospheric instability. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57719-9 - Programa de Mudanças Climáticas - INCT CLIMA
Beneficiário:Carlos Afonso Nobre
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 12/14316-7 - Características sinóticas e dinâmicas de períodos extremos secos sobre o Sudeste do Brasil e sua relação com a TSM do Atlântico Sul - caracterização dos eventos extremos secos e simulações com modelos climáticos em projeções do IPCC
Beneficiário:Luana Albertani Pampuch
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/58101-9 - Impact of the Southwestern Atlantic Ocean on South American climate for the 20th and 21st centuries
Beneficiário:Tercio Ambrizzi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 11/08191-4 - Características sinóticas e dinâmicas de períodos extremos secos sobre o Sudeste do Brasil e sua relação com a TSM do Atlântico Sul
Beneficiário:Luana Albertani Pampuch
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado