Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Microbial Metabolism of Atovaquone and Cytotoxicity of the Produced Phase I Metabolite

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Silva, Eliane de Oliveira ; Goncalves, Natalia dos Santos ; dos Santos, Raquel Alves ; Jacometti Cardoso Furtado, Niege Aracari
Número total de Autores: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DRUG METABOLISM AND PHARMACOKINETICS; v. 41, n. 5, p. 645-650, OCT 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Atovaquone is a hydroxynaphthoquinone with selective action in the mitochondrial respiratory chain of malaria parasite. It is employed for both the treatment and prevention of malaria, in a combination with proguanil. The aim of this study was to elucidate the in vitro metabolites from atovaquone and to evaluate their cytotoxic activities. The biotransformation of atovaquone was performed using Mucor rouxii NRRL 1894, Cunninghamella echinulata var. elegans ATCC 8688a and C. elegans ATCC 10028b, which have been reported as microbial models of mammalian drug metabolism. Experiments were also carried out with two probiotic strains from the human intestinal tract: Bifidobacterium sp. and Lactobacillus acidophilus. The phase I metabolite was isolated, its chemical structure was elucidated and its toxicity was evaluated using the neoplastic cell line SKBR-3 derived from human breast cancer and normal human fibroblast cell line GM07492-A. Cell cytotoxicity assays were also carried out with atovaquone. Only the fungi were able to convert atovaquone to metabolite trans-3-{[}4'-(4aEuro(3)-chlorophenyl)cyclohexyl)-1,2-dioxo-dihydro-1H-i ndene-3-carboxylic acid. The metabolite displayed 50 % inhibitory concentration (IC50) values of 110.20 +/- A 2.2 and 108.80 +/- A 1.5 A mu mol/L against breast cancer cell line SKBR-3 and fibroblasts cell line GM07492-A, respectively. The IC50 values of atovaquone were 282.30 +/- A 1.8 and 340.50 +/- A 1.4 A mu mol/L against breast cancer and normal fibroblasts cell lines, respectively. The produced metabolite was more toxic than atovaquone and was not selective to normal or cancer cell lines. The present study is the first to report the production of atovaquone metabolite. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/21700-5 - Utilização de bactérias do trato gastrointestinal e fungos filamentosos para estudos de biotransformação de naftoquinonas
Beneficiário:Niege Araçari Jacometti Cardoso Furtado
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular