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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Interactions between prolactin and kisspeptin to control reproduction

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Autor(es):
Donato, Jr., Jose ; Frazao, Renata
Número total de Autores: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ARCHIVES OF ENDOCRINOLOGY METABOLISM; v. 60, n. 6, p. 587-595, NOV-DEC 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

ABSTRACT Prolactin is best known for its effects of stimulating mammary gland development and lactogenesis. However, prolactin is a pleiotropic hormone that is able to affect several physiological functions, including fertility. Prolactin receptors (PRLRs) are widely expressed in several tissues, including several brain regions and reproductive tract organs. Upon activation, PRLRs may exert prolactin’s functions through several signaling pathways, although the recruitment of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 causes most of the known effects of prolactin. Pathological hyperprolactinemia is mainly due to the presence of a prolactinoma or pharmacological effects induced by drugs that interact with the dopamine system. Notably, hyperprolactinemia is a frequent cause of reproductive dysfunction and may lead to infertility in males and females. Recently, several studies have indicated that prolactin may modulate the reproductive axis by acting on specific populations of hypothalamic neurons that express the Kiss1 gene. The Kiss1 gene encodes neuropeptides known as kisspeptins, which are powerful activators of gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurons. In the present review, we will summarize the current knowledge about prolactin’s actions on reproduction. Among other aspects, we will discuss whether the interaction between prolactin and the Kiss1-expressing neurons can affect reproduction and how kisspeptins may become a novel therapeutic approach to treat prolactin-induced infertility. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/10992-6 - Estudo da programação metabólica por meio de diferentes abordagens
Beneficiário:Jose Donato Junior
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 13/07908-8 - Puberdade precoce na obesidade infantil: possíveis mecanismos e influência da leptina
Beneficiário:Renata Frazão
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular