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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Nanostructured lipid carriers for incorporation of copper(II) complexes to be used against Mycobacterium tuberculosis

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Autor(es):
Sato, Mariana R. ; Oshiro Junior, Joao A. ; Machado, Rachel T. A. ; de Souza, Paula C. ; Campos, Debora L. ; Pavan, Fernando R. ; da Silva, Patricia B. ; Chorilli, Marlus
Número total de Autores: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: DRUG DESIGN DEVELOPMENT AND THERAPY; v. 11, p. 909-920, 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 7
Resumo

Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Cessation of treatment before the recommended conclusion may lead to the emergence of multidrug-resistant strains. The aim of this study was to develop nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) for use in the treatment of M. tuberculosis. The NLCs comprised the following lipid phase: 2.07% polyoxyethylene 40 stearate, 2.05% caprylic/capric triglyceride, and 0.88% polyoxyl 40 hydrogenated castor oil; the following aqueous phase: 3.50% poloxamer 407 (F1-F6), and 0.50% cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (F7-F12); and incorporated the copper(II) complexes {[}CuCl2(INH)(2)]center dot H2O (1), {[}Cu(NCS)(2)(INH)(2)]center dot 5H(2)O (2), and {[}Cu(NCO)(2)(INH)(2)]center dot 4H(2)O (3) to form compounds F11.1, F11.2, and F11.3, respectively. The mean diameter of F11, F11.1, F11.2, and F11.3 ranged from 111.27 +/- 21.86 to 134.25 +/- 22.72 nm, 90.27 +/- 12.97 to 116.46 +/- 9.17 nm, 112.4 +/- 10.22 to 149.3 +/- 15.82 nm, and 78.65 +/- 6.00 to 122.00 +/- 8.70 nm, respectively. The polydispersity index values for the NLCs ranged from 0.13 +/- 0.01 to 0.30 +/- 0.09. The NLCs showed significant changes in zeta potential, except for F11.2, with F11, F11.1, F11.2, and F11.3 ranging from 18.87 +/- 4.04 to 23.25 +/- 1.13 mV, 17.03 +/- 1.77 to 21.42 +/- 1.87 mV, 20.51 +/- 1.88 to 22.60 +/- 3.44 mV, and 17.80 +/- 1.96 to 25.25 +/- 7.78 mV, respectively. Atomic force microscopy confirmed the formation of nanoscale spherical particle dispersions by the NLCs. Differential scanning calorimetry determined the melting points of the constituents of the NLCs. The in vitro activity of copper(II) complex-loaded NLCs against M. tuberculosis H37Rv showed an improvement in the anti-TB activity of 55.4, 27.1, and 41.1 times the activity for complexes 1, 2, and 3, respectively. An in vivo acute toxicity study of complex-loaded NLCs demonstrated their reduced toxicity. The results suggest that NLCs may be a powerful tool to optimize the activity of copper(II) complexes against M. tuberculosis. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/09265-7 - Avaliação do potencial de sistemas lipídicos nanoestruturados para administração de compostos de Cu(II) aplicáveis na otimização da terapia da tuberculose
Beneficiário:Patrícia Bento da Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/12038-0 - In vitro activity of Copper(II) complexes, loaded or Unloaded into a nanostructured lipid system, against Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
Beneficiário:Patrícia Bento da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Publicações científicas - Artigo