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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

A role for the anteromedial thalamic nucleus in the acquisition of contextual fear memory to predatory threats

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Autor(es):
Xavier de Lima, Miguel Antonio ; Baldo, Marcus Vinicius C. ; Canteras, Newton Sabino
Número total de Autores: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Brain Structure & Function; v. 222, n. 1, p. 113-129, JAN 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 8
Resumo

Previous studies from our group have shown that cytotoxic lesions in the ventral portion of the anteromedial thalamic nucleus (AMv), one of the main targets of the hypothalamic predator-responsive circuit, strongly impairs contextual fear responses to an environment previously associated with a predator. The AMv is in a position to convey information to cortico-hippocampal-amygdalar circuits involved in the processing of fear memory. However, it remains to be determined whether the nucleus is involved in the acquisition or subsequent expression of contextual fear. In the present investigation, we addressed this question by inactivating the rat AMv with muscimol either prior to cat exposure or prior to exposure to the cat-related context. Accordingly, AMv pharmacological inactivation prior to cat exposure did not interfere with innate fear responses, but it drastically reduced contextual conditioning to the predator-associated environment. On the other hand, AMv inactivation prior to exposure to the environment associated with the predator threat did not affect contextual fear responses. The behavioral results were further supported by the demonstration that AMv inactivation prior to cat exposure also blocked the activation of sites critically involved in the expression of anti-predatory contextual defensive responses (i.e., the dorsal premammillary nucleus and the dorsolateral periaqueductal gray) in animals exposed to the predator-associated context. The AMv projections were also examined, and the results of this investigation outline important paths that can influence hippocampal circuitry and raise new ideas for anterior thalamic-hippocampal paths involved in emotional learning. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/05432-9 - Bases neurais do medo e agressão
Beneficiário:Newton Sabino Canteras
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 13/04802-4 - Investigação da circuitaria cortical envolvida no processamento do medo contextual à ameaça predatória
Beneficiário:Miguel Antonio Xavier de Lima
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto