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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Diruthenium(II,III) metallodrugs of ibuprofen and naproxen encapsulated in intravenously injectable polymer-lipid nanoparticles exhibit enhanced activity against breast and prostate cancer cells

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Autor(es):
Alves Rico, Samara R. ; Abbasi, Azhar Z. ; Ribeiro, Geise ; Ahmed, Taksim ; Wu, Xiao Yu ; Silva, Denise de Oliveira
Número total de Autores: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: NANOSCALE; v. 9, n. 30, p. 10701-10714, AUG 14 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 7
Resumo

A unique class of diruthenium(II,III) metallodrugs containing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), Ru-2(NSAID), have been reported to show anticancer activity in glioma models in vitro and in vivo. This work reports the encapsulation of the lead metallodrug of ibuprofen (HIbp), {[}Ru-2(Ibp)(4)Cl] or RuIbp, and also of the new analogue of naproxen (HNpx), {[}Ru-2(Npx)(4)Cl] or RuNpx, in novel intravenously (i.v.) injectable solid polymer-lipid nanoparticles (SPLNs). A rationally selected composition of lipids/polymers rendered nearly spherical Ru-2(NSAID)-SPLNs with a mean size of 120 nm and zeta potential of about -20 mV. The Ru-2(NSAID)-SPLNs are characterized by spectroscopic techniques and the composition in terms of ruthenium-drug species is analyzed by mass spectrometry. The metallodrug-loaded nanoparticles showed high drug loading (17-18%) with similar to 100% drug loading efficiency, and good colloidal stability in serum at body temperature. Fluorescence-labeled SPLNs were taken up by the cancer cells in a time-and energy-dependent manner as analyzed by confocal microscopy and fluorescence spectrometry. The Ru-2(NSAID)-SPLNs showed enhanced cytotoxicity (IC50 at 60-100 mu mol L-1) in relation to the corresponding Ru-2(NSAID) metallodrugs in breast (EMT6 and MDA-MB-231) and prostate (DU145) cancer cells in vitro. The cell viability of both metallodrug nanoformulations is also compared with those of the parent NSAIDs, HIbp and HNpx, and their corresponding NSAID-SPLNs. In vivo and ex vivo fluorescence imaging revealed good biodistribution and high tumor accumulation of fluorescence-labeled SPLNs following i.v. injection in an orthotopic breast tumor model. The enhanced anticancer activity of the metallodrug-loaded SPLNs in these cell lines can be associated with the advantages of the nanoformulations, assigned mainly to the stability of the colloidal nanoparticles suitable for i.v. injection and enhanced cellular uptake. The findings of this work encourage future in vivo efficacy studies to further exploit the potential of the novel Ru2(NSAID)-SPLN nanoformulations for clinical application. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/06592-1 - Metalofármacos anti-inflamatórios e antitumorais: reatividade, propriedades e interações com matrizes hospedeiras biocompatíveis
Beneficiário:Denise de Oliveira Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 14/23047-5 - Metalofármacos anticancerígenos de rutênio com ligantes bioativos: síntese, interação com biomoléculas e preparação de sistemas biocompatíveis nanoparticulados para carregamento e liberação
Beneficiário:Denise de Oliveira Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 15/24252-4 - Estudo de nanopartículas baseadas em lipídios como carregadores de metalofármacos de rutênio anticancerígenos
Beneficiário:Samara Rodrigues Alves
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado Direto
Processo FAPESP: 14/23481-7 - Estudo de nanopartículas baseadas em lipídios como carregadores de metalofármacos de rutênio com atividade anticâncer
Beneficiário:Samara Rodrigues Alves
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto