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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Thirty Years of Sweat Chloride Testing at One Referral Center

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Autor(es):
Faria, Alethea Guimaraes [1, 2] ; Lima Marson, Fernando Augusto [3, 1, 2] ; Souza Gomez, Carla Cristina [1] ; Servidoni, Maria de Fatima [1, 2] ; Ribeiro, Antonio Fernando [1] ; Ribeiro, Jose Dirceu [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Med Sci, Dept Pediat, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Med Sci, Ctr Pediat Invest, Lab Pulm Physiol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Med Sci, Dept Med Genet, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN PEDIATRICS; v. 5, OCT 26 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 7
Resumo

Objective: To conduct a descriptive analysis of the sweat test (ST), associating ST results with epidemiological data, CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) mutations and reasons to indicate the ST, as well as correlating sweat sodium and sweat chloride concentrations in subjects. Methods: Retrospective survey and descriptive analysis of 5,721 ST at a university referral center. Results: The inclusion of the subjects was based on clinical data related with cystic fibrosis (CF) phenotype. The samples were grouped by (i) sweat chloride concentrations (mEq/L): <30: 3,249/5,277 (61.6%); >= 30 to <60: 1,326/5,277 (25.1%); >= 60: 702/5,277 (13.3%) and (ii) age: (Group A-GA) 0 to <6 months; (Group B-GB) >= 6 months to <18 years; (Group C-GC) >= 18 years. Digestive symptoms showed higher prevalence ratio for the CF diagnosis as well as association between younger age and higher values of sweat chloride, sweat sodium, and chloride/sodium ratio. The indication of ST due to respiratory symptoms was higher in GB and associated with greater age, lower values of sweat chloride, sweat sodium, and chloride/sodium ratio. There was higher prevalence of ST with sweat chloride levels <30 mEq/L in GB, >= 60 mEq/L in GC, and with borderline level in GB. There was positive correlation between sweat sodium and sweat chloride. Sweat chloride/sweat sodium and sweat sodium-sweat chloride indexes showed association with sex, reason for ST indication, and CFTR mutations. Sex alters some values presented in the ST. The number of ST/year performed before and after the newborn screening implementation was the same; however, we observed a higher number of borderlines values. A wide spectrum of CFTR mutation was found. Severe CFTR mutations and F508del/F508del genotype were associated with highest probability of ST chloride levels >= 60 mEq/L, and the absence of CFTR mutations identified was associated with borderline ST and respiratory symptoms. Conclusions: ST data showed wide variability dependent on age, sex, reason for examination indication, CFTR mutations, and weight of the collected sweat sample. Sweat sodium concentration is directly correlated with sweat chloride levels and it could be used as a quality parameter. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/12939-4 - Associação entre polimorfismos de genes moduladores em crianças e adolescentes com asma alérgica e não alérgica - leve, moderada e grave
Beneficiário:Fernando Augusto de Lima Marson
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 15/12183-8 - Identificação das mutações prevalentes e caracterização clínica e funcional de crianças e adultos com discinesia ciliar primária
Beneficiário:Jose Dirceu Ribeiro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 11/18845-1 - Associação entre polimorfismos de genes moduladores em crianças e adolescentes com asma alérgica e não alérgica leve, moderada e grave
Beneficiário:Jose Dirceu Ribeiro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 15/12858-5 - Identificação das mutações prevalentes e caracterização clínica e funcional de crianças e adultos com discinesia ciliar primária
Beneficiário:Fernando Augusto de Lima Marson
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado