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Tracking lipid profiles of Jatropha curcas L. seeds under different pruning types and water managements by low-field and HR-MAS NMR spectroscopy

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Almeida Santos, Otavio Neto [1] ; Folegatti, Marcos Vinicius [1] ; Dutra, Livia Macedo [2] ; de Sousa Andrade, Irineu Pedro [1] ; Fanaya, Jr., Eder Duarte [1] ; Lena, Bruno Patias [1] ; Barison, Andersson [2] ; da Conceicao Santos, Alan Diego [2]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr ESALQ, Biosyst Engn Dept, Ave Padua Dias, 11 POB 9, BR-13418900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Parana, Chem Dept, NMR Ctr, POB 19081, BR-81530900 Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: INDUSTRIAL CROPS AND PRODUCTS; v. 109, p. 918-922, DEC 15 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Jatropha corms L. seeds have been used as a promising source of oil for biodiesel production. In the present work, the impacts of different pruning procedures and water management on the content and lipid profile of the Jatropha seed oils were evaluated via nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The experiment was conducted at Research Station of ESALQ/USP, located in Piracicaba (Sao Paulo), Brazil. Jatropha plants were cultivated over four years under two different water conditions (irrigation - I and rainfed - R) and three pruning types (without pruning - P0, with removal of twigs at a height of 1.5 m from the ground and 0.75 m from the central stem - P1, and with the pruning performed at a height of 2.0 m from the ground and 0.75 m from the central stem - P2). The evaluation of seed oil contents was performed via low-field NMR, while the fatty acid composition was assessed by HR-MAS NMR. Low-field NMR results showed no changes in the oil content of Jatropha seeds regardless the treatment employed. H-1 HR-MAS NMR spectral profile of seeds revealed the presence of well-known signals of triacylglycerols, with the predominance of signals coming from oleic acid (C18:1) and linoleic acid (C18:2). Quantitative analyses of J. curcas seeds showed that the combination of irrigation and pruning managements influenced statistically the contents of unsaturated fatty acids. Among the evaluated conditions, the lipid profile achieved with pruning at 2.0 m height and 1.5 m canopy diameter (named P2) under irrigation (I) conditions might be considered the most effective for biodiesel production. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/16638-4 - Evapotranspiração e coeficiente de cultivo da cultura do pinhão-manso a partir do terceiro ano de cultivo associada a diferentes tipos de poda
Beneficiário:Marcos Vinícius Folegatti
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 13/19333-0 - Evapotranspiração e coeficiente de cultivo do pinhão-manso no terceiro e quarto ano
Beneficiário:Bruno Patias Lena
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado