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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Assessment of social behavior directed toward sick partners and its relation to central cytokine expression in rats

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Harnasato, Eduardo Kenji [1, 2] ; Lovelock, Dennis [2] ; Palermo-Neto, Joao [1] ; Deak, Terrence [2]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Vet Med, Dept Pathol, Neuroimmunomodulat Res Grp, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] SUNY Binghamton, Dept Psychol, Behav Neurosci Program, Binghamton, NY 13902 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Physiology & Behavior; v. 182, p. 128-136, DEC 1 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Acute illness not only reduces the expression of social behavior by sick rodents, but can also lead to avoidance responses when detected by healthy, would-be social partners. When healthy animals interact with a sick partner, an intriguing question arises: does exposure to a sick conspecific elicit an anticipatory immune response that would facilitate defense against future infection? To address this question, healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (N = 64) were given a brief social interaction (30 min) with a partner that was either sick (250 mu g/kg injection with lipopolysaccharide {[}LPS] 3 h prior to test) or healthy (sterile saline injection). During this exposure, social behavior directed toward the healthy or sick conspecific was measured. Additionally, the impact of housing condition was assessed, with rats group- or isolate-housed. Immediately after social interaction, brains were harvested for cytokine assessments within socially-relevant brain structures (olfactory bulb, amygdala, hippocampus and PVN). As expected, behavioral results demonstrated that (i) there was a robust suppression of social interaction directed against sick conspecifics; and (ii) isolate-housing generally increased social behavior. Furthermore, examination of central cytokine expression in healthy experimental subjects revealed a modest increase in TNF-alpha in rats that interacted with a sick social partner, but only in the olfactory bulb. Among the LPS-injected partners, expected increases in IL-1 beta, IL-6, and TNF-alpha expression were observed across all brain sites. Moreover, IL-1 beta and IL-6 expression was exacerbated in LPS-injected partners that interacted with isolate-housed experimental subjects. Together, these data replicate and extend our prior work showing that healthy rats avoid sick conspecifics, and provide preliminary evidence for an anticipatory cytokine response when rats are exposed to a sick partner. These data also provide new evidence to suggest that recent housing history potently modulates cytokine responses evoked by LPS. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/03372-3 - A influência da convivência com um parceiro doente sobre a resposta inflamatória alérgica pulmonar
Beneficiário:Eduardo Kenji Hamasato
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/25146-8 - Circuitos neurais ativados durante a coabitação com um parceiro doente
Beneficiário:Eduardo Kenji Hamasato
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado