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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Low resistance to chytridiomycosis in direct-developing amphibians

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Autor(es):
Mesquita, Andrea F. C. [1, 2] ; Lambertini, Carolina [3] ; Lyra, Mariana [1, 2] ; Malagoli, Leo R. [1, 2] ; James, Timothy Y. [4] ; Toledo, Luis Felipe [3] ; Haddad, Celio F. B. [1, 2] ; Becker, C. Guilherme [5]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] Ctr Aquicultura CAUNESP, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Biol Anim, IB, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Michigan, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 - USA
[5] Univ Alabama, Dept Biol Sci, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 7, NOV 30 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

Host-generalist pathogens sporadically infect naive hosts, potentially triggering epizootics. The waterborne fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) is linked to declines of hundreds of amphibian species with aquatic larvae. Although several population declines and extinctions attributed to Bd have been reported among cryptic species undergoing direct development away from water, epidemiological studies focused on these terrestrial frogs are lacking. Our field data support that terrestrial direct-developing hosts are less exposed to Bd during their ontogeny than species with aquatic larvae, and thus they might lack adaptive responses against waterborne chytrids. Using controlled laboratory experiments, we exposed wild-caught amphibian species with terrestrial and aquatic life histories to Bd and found that direct developers showed more rapid increases in infection loads and experienced higher mortality rates than species with aquatic larvae. Our findings provide novel information about host responses to generalist pathogens and specifically show that our focal direct developing species have low resistance to Bd infections. Finally, our results underscore that we should not ignore Bd as a potential threat to direct developing species simply because they are less exposed to Bd in nature; instead future amphibian conservation plans should include efforts to safeguard hundreds of direct-developing amphibian species globally. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/23388-7 - Comunicação e sistemas sensoriais em anuros da Mata Atlântica
Beneficiário:Luis Felipe de Toledo Ramos Pereira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 16/25358-3 - O fungo quitrídio no Brasil: da sua origem às suas consequências
Beneficiário:Luis Felipe de Toledo Ramos Pereira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 13/50741-7 - Diversidade e conservação dos anfíbios brasileiros
Beneficiário:Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 14/23677-9 - Novas abordagens de ecologia e conservação: diversidade filogenética e funcional de anfíbios e serpentes da Mata Atlântica Brasileira
Beneficiário:Ricardo Jannini Sawaya
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular