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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Soil Greenhouse Gases: Relations to Soil Attributes in a Sugarcane Production Area

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Bicalho, Elton da Silva [1] ; Moitinho, Mara Regina [1] ; Teixeira, Daniel De Bortoli [1] ; Panosso, Alan Rodrigo [2] ; Spokas, Kurt Arnold [3] ; La Scala, Jr., Newton [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Sao Paulo State Univ, Dept Exact Sci, Via Acesso Prof Paulo Donato Castellane S-N, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, Sao Paulo State Univ, Dept Math, Ave Brasil 56, BR-15385000 Ilha Solteira, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Minnesota, USDA ARS, Soil & Water Management Unit, Dept Soil Water & Climate, 1991 Upper Buford Circle, 439 Borlaug Hall, St Paul, MN 55108 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Soil Science Society of America Journal; v. 81, n. 5, p. 1168-1178, SEP-OCT 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

The production of the main soil greenhouse gases (GHG: carbon dioxide {[}CO2], methane {[}CH4,] and nitrous oxide {[}N2O]) is influenced by agricultural practices that cause changes in soil physical, chemical, and biological attributes, directly affecting their emission to the atmosphere. The aim of this study was to investigate the infield soil carbon dioxide emissions (F-CO2) and soil CO2, methane, and nitrous oxide production potentials (P-CO2, P-CH4, and P-N2O, respectively) under laboratory conditions and their relationship to soil attributes in a mechanically harvested sugarcane area. Soil carbon dioxide emissions presented an infield average emission value of 1.19 mu mol CO2 m(-2) s(-1), while GHG production in the laboratory was 2.34 mu g C-CO2 g(-1) soil d(-1) and 0.20 ng N-N2O g(-1) soil d(-1) for P-CO2 and P-N2O, respectively. No significant production or oxidation was observed for CH4. Factor analysis showed the formation of two independent processes that explained almost 72% of the total variance observed in the data. The first process was related to F-CO2 transport and its relation to soil physical attributes such as microporosity, macroporosity, the C/N ratio, soil moisture, and soil bulk density, showing the dependence between F-CO2 and soil porosity. The second process was related to soil CO2 and N2O production potentials under laboratory conditions and their relation to soil chemical attributes such as the sum of bases, pH, and available phosphorus, which affect microbial activity and contribute to GHG production. Although presented as independent, these processes are coupled and occur simultaneously in the soil, in addition to providing information about their variability and showing if the infield emissions are due to gas transport processes or soil carbon levels and their quality. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/24926-0 - Dimensão fractal e anisotropia da emissão de gases de efeito estufa e atributos do solo em área de cana-de-açúcar
Beneficiário:Elton da Silva Bicalho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/00360-7 - Fractograma da emissão de gases de efeito estufa em solo de área de cana-de-açúcar em diferentes direções
Beneficiário:Elton da Silva Bicalho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado