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Genetic differentiation and historical demography of wood stork populations in Brazilian wetlands: Implications for the conservation of the species and associated ecosystems

Texto completo
Mino, Carolina I. [1] ; da Silva Avelar, Luiza H. [2] ; da Silva, Fagner M. [2] ; Perez, Manolo F. [3] ; Menezes, Luiza F. [2] ; Del Lama, Silvia N. [2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Nacl Misiones, IBS, CONICET, Moises Bertoni 85, N3370BFA, Puerto Iguazu, Misiones - Argentina
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Genet & Evolucao, Lab Genet Aves, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Biol, Lab Diversidade Genet & Evolucao, Sorocaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Citações Web of Science: 1

Wetlands are increasingly threatened by human activities worldwide. Genetic monitoring of associated wildlife provides valuable data to support their conservation. Waterbirds such as the wood stork (Mycteria americana) are good bioindicators of wetland disturbance and destruction. This study investigated past and contemporary levels of genetic diversity, differentiation and demographic processes in 236 wood storks from two major wetlands in Brazil in which breeding colonies are concentrated, using nine microsatellite loci and a 237-bp untranslated fragment of the mitochondrial Control Region. Amapa populations (northern region) showed slightly higher levels of genetic diversity than Pantanal populations (central western region) and both populations had a low number of effective breeders. Results from assignment tests, F-statistics, AMOVA, spatial and non-spatial Bayesian clustering analyses support the hypothesis of gene flow among colonies within regions, but significant differentiation between regions. The better supported Bayesian coalescent models based on both markers indicated that the northern population exchanged migrants with unsampled populations, and that the central western population was founded by individuals from the north. Mitochondrial estimates revealed that the timing of population divergence broadly overlapped the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), and that the central western population expanded more recently than the northern population. The results support the hypothesis that the coastal wetlands in northern Brazil remained stable enough to shelter large wood stork populations during the LGM and storks colonized freshwater wetlands in the central western region following deglacial warming. Conservation policies and protective measures should consider Amapa and Pantanal wood stork populations as genetically differentiated units and priority should be given to Amapa populations that represent the source gene pool. Continuous genetic monitoring of wood storks would help detect genetic signs of changes in demographic trends that may reflect alterations or degradation in wetlands. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/50406-5 - Colonização do continente americano pelas populações africanas de garça-vaqueira (Bubulcus ibis): a genética desvendando o processo de bioinvasão
Beneficiário:Silvia Nassif Del Lama
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 04/15205-8 - Genética de populações de Ciconiiformes (Aves) em áreas úmidas brasileiras
Beneficiário:Silvia Nassif Del Lama
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 10/52315-7 - Predadores de topo de cadeia alimentar
Beneficiário:Pedro Manoel Galetti Junior
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Regular