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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Validity of a two-stage cluster sampling design to estimate the total number of owned dogs

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Autor(es):
Baquero, Oswaldo Santos [1] ; Amaku, Marcos [1] ; Dias, Ricardo Augusto [1] ; Hildebrand Grisi Filho, Jose Henrique [1] ; Ferreira Neto, Jose Soares [1] ; Ferreira, Fernando [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Vet Med & Anim Sci, Dept Prevent Vet Med & Anim Hlth, Av Prof Orlando Marques de Paiva, 87, Cidade Univ, BR-05508270 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PREVENTIVE VETERINARY MEDICINE; v. 151, p. 40-45, MAR 1 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Estimates of owned dog population size are necessary to calculate measures of disease frequency and to plan and evaluate population management programs. We calculated the error and bias of estimates of the total number of owned dogs using a two-stage cluster sampling design. The estimates were conditioned on sample composition as well as on size and heterogeneity of the spatial distribution of owned dog populations. For this, we simulated nine cities that differed systematically in size (number of census tracts) and heterogeneity (variance of the number of dogs per census tract). Then, we defined 16 scenarios to calculate the sample composition using an algorithm that incorporated data from a pilot sample, estimates of cost, and prior specifications of the expected error and confidence level. In three additional scenarios of predefined sample composition, the numbers of primary and secondary sampling units were: 30 x 30, 50 x 20 and 65 x 15. Finally, for each city and sample composition, we selected primary sampling units (census tracts) with probability proportional to its size and with replacement, and secondary sampling units (households) by simple random sampling. For each city and composition we selected 500 samples, totaling 85500 samples. The distribution of errors conditioned on the sample composition and city showed that estimates were accurate (average mean bias = 0.006%, maximum mean bias = 0.3%). All sample compositions resulted in errors between 4% and 7% in cities with low heterogeneity. In cities with high heterogeneity, the errors for the various compositions ranged as follows: 8-11% (calculated), 11-13% (65 x 15), 12-14% (50 x 20) and 15-17% (30 x 30). The sample size of predefined compositions was between 33% and 87% lower than the sample size of calculated compositions. Therefore, the predefined compositions have an operational advantage (reduced sampling effort) and simplify the sampling design (calculation of sample composition is not needed). Furthermore, the expected error of estimates under different scenarios is known for each predefined composition. In the absence of information about the heterogeneity of the cities, the 65 x 15 is the more conservative composition. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/12076-1 - Manejo populacional de cães e gatos: métodos quantitativos para caracterizar populações, identificar prioridades e estabelecer indicadores
Beneficiário:Oswaldo Santos Baquero
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto