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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Contrasting patterns of the extreme drought episodes of 2005, 2010 and 2015 in the Amazon Basin

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Autor(es):
Panisset, Jessica S. [1] ; Libonati, Renata [1] ; Gouveia, Celia Marina P. [2, 3] ; Machado-Silva, Fausto [1] ; Franca, Daniela A. [1, 4] ; Franca, Jose Ricardo A. [1] ; Peres, Leonardo F. [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Inst Geociencias, Dept Meteorol, Ave Athos da Silveira Ramos 274, Bl G, Cidade Univ, BR-21941916 Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[2] Univ Lisbon, Inst Dom Luiz, Fac Ciencias, Lisbon - Portugal
[3] Inst Portugues Mar & Atmosfera, Lisbon - Portugal
[4] Inst Nacl Pesquisas Espaciais, Ctr Previsao Tempo & Estudos Climat, Sao Jose Dos Campos - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY; v. 38, n. 2, p. 1096-1104, FEB 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 15
Resumo

Future climate scenarios point to an increase in the frequency of extreme droughts events, even in humid biomes. Throughout the 21st century, large areas of the Amazon basin experienced the most severe droughts ever recorded with special emphasis on the 2005 and 2010 events due to their severity and extent. Currently, there is an increased demand to understand the geographic extent and seasonal variability of climate variables during drought events, especially with respect to the social and environmental impacts. In this study, we aim to compare the observed climate conditions during the drought episodes of 2005, 2010 and 2015. We perform a detailed assessment of the measured precipitation, land-surface temperature (LST) and solar radiation anomalies. We provide evidence that the anomalous precipitation deficit during 2015 exceeded the amplitude and spatial extent of the previous events, affecting more than 80% of Amazon basin, particularly the eastern portion. The pronounced lack of rainfall availability during late spring and early summer, coincident with radiation and temperature surpluses during these years are significant and notable. Changed meteorological spatial patterns were observed, with precipitation and radiation being the most prominent parameters in 2005, whereas precipitation and LST were most relevant in 2010. Understanding the behaviour and interactions of pertinent meteorological variables, as well as identifying similar or divergent patterns over the region during distinct extreme events, is essential for the improvement of our knowledge of Amazon forest vulnerability to climate fluctuation changes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/01389-4 - Sistema brasileiro Fogo-Superfície-Atmosfera (BrFLAS)
Beneficiário:Alberto Waingort Setzer
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 16/10137-1 - Adaptação do código do pré-processador de emissões PREP-CHEM-SRC para o aprimoramento das estimativas de emissões pela queima de biomassa no Brasil
Beneficiário:Daniela de Azeredo França
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Programa Capacitação - Treinamento Técnico