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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Gonadal histology of box jellyfish (Cnidaria: Cubozoa) reveals variation between internal fertilizing species Alatina alata (Alatinidae) and Copula sivickisi (Tripedaliidae)

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Autor(es):
Garcia-Rodriguez, Jimena [1] ; Ames, Cheryl Lewis [2, 3] ; Marian, Jose Eduardo A. R. [1] ; Marques, Antonio Carlos [1, 4]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biosci, R Matao Tr 14, 101, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Smithsonian Inst, Dept Invertebrate Zool, Natl Museum Nat Hist, Washington, DC 20560 - USA
[3] Univ Maryland, Biol Sci Grad Program, College Pk, MD 20742 - USA
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Marine Biol, Sao Sebastiao - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Morphology; v. 279, n. 6, p. 841-856, JUN 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

Cubozoans (box jellyfish) are gonochoristic cnidarians with distinct reproductive strategies. This comparative histological study examines the gonad organization of Alatina alata and Copula sivickisi, two box jellyfish species that exhibit different modes of internal fertilization. A. alata reproduces via spermcasting aggregations while C. sivickisi reproduces via copulation; in both cases, internal fertilization occurs in the gastrovascular cavity. Herein, we provide the first histological description of subgastric sacsstructures unique to C. sivickisi. Although previously thought to function as sperm storage sacs, our findings reveal that subgastric sacs are nematocyst nests lacking sperm entirely. Conversely, we discovered that velarial spots in C. sivickisi females correspond to actual sperm storage structures. Histological examination of cubozoan sperm packages revealed that while sperm packages from both species have motile flagella, A. alata males produce nonencapsulated sperm bundles (i.e., ``spermatozeugmata{''}), and C. sivickisi males produce encapsulated packages (i.e., ``spermatophores{''}). Our findings corroborate the presence of several types of nematocysts in C. sivickisi embryo strands and spermatophores, and indicate their provenance to be both female and male gonads respectively, as well as subgastric sacs (i.e., nematocyst nests). In contrast to our findings of velarial spots as sperm storages structures in C. sivickisi females, and of nematocysts in the gonads of both sexes, we report that A. alata medusae lack both sperm storage structures and gonadal nematocysts. Finally, we discuss our findings on reproductive morphology of C. sivickisi and A. alata in light of the respective reproductive behavior of these two cubozoan species. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 04/09961-4 - Biodiversidade, evolução, endemismo e conservação dos Medusozoa do Atlântico Sul-Ocidental
Beneficiário:Antonio Carlos Marques
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 11/50242-5 - Dimensões da vida marinha: padrões e processos de diversificação em cnidários planctônicos e bentônicos
Beneficiário:Antonio Carlos Marques
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático