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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Nestedness patterns and the role of morphodynamics and spatial distance on sandy beach fauna: ecological hypotheses and conservation strategies

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Checon, Helio H. [1] ; Corte, Guilherme N. [1, 2] ; Shah Esmaeili, Yasmina M. L. [3] ; Amaral, A. Cecilia Z. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Anim, Monteiro Lobato St 255, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Oceanog, Praca Oceanograifco 191, BR-05508120 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Anim, Programa Posgrad Ecol, Monteiro Lobato St 255, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 8, FEB 28 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Sandy beach fauna is hypothesized to be mainly structured by environmental variables. As such, it is expected that morphodynamic characteristics are limiting factors, and the species pool inhabiting harsher reflective beaches would be a subset of (i.e., nested in) the fauna of nearby dissipative beaches. We investigated the existence of a nestedness pattern in sandy beach assemblages, as well as the contribution of environmental and spatial variables (i.e., factors that potentially affect an assemblage regardless of environmental conditions - typically related to distance between sites and dispersal of organisms) on sandy beach macrobenthic fauna. Dissipative beaches had higher species richness than reflective beaches but we found no nestedness pattern. Furthermore, almost every beach showed exclusive species. Spatial variables exerted stronger influence on macrobenthic assemblages than local environmental variables. Our results therefore suggest that local and small-scale recruitment is the predominant process structuring macrobenthic assemblages. These results bring important implications for sandy beach conservation: given that spatial distance is an important factor structuring macrobenthic fauna and different sandy beaches harbor different pools of species, conservation programs need to focus on sandy beaches across large spatial scales and with varied morphodynamic characteristics in order to preserve coastal biodiversity. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 98/07090-3 - Biodiversidade marinha bêntica no Estado de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Antonia Cecília Zacagnini Amaral
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 16/10810-8 - Ecologia bêntica da Baía do Araçá: análise da fauna associada ao sedimento e da relação ambiente biodiversidade
Beneficiário:Guilherme Nascimento Corte
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado