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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Holocene provenance shift of suspended particulate matter in the Amazon River basin

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Hoeppner, Natalie [1, 2] ; Lucassen, Friedrich [1, 2] ; Chiessi, Cristiano M. [3] ; Sawakuchi, Andre O. [4] ; Kasemann, Simone A. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Bremen, MARUM, Ctr Marine Environm Sci, Leobener Str 8, D-28359 Bremen - Germany
[2] Univ Bremen, Fac Geosci, Leobener Str 8, D-28359 Bremen - Germany
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Arts Sci & Humanities, Rua Arlindo Bettio 1000, BR-03828000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geosci, Rua Lago 562, BR-05508080 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS; v. 190, p. 66-80, JUN 15 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

The strontium (Sr), neodymium (Nd) and lead (Pb) isotope signatures of suspended particulate matter (SPM) in rivers reflect the radiogenic isotope signatures of the rivers' drainage basin. These signatures are not significantly affected by weathering, transport or depositional cycles, but document the sedimentary contributions of the respective sources. We report new Sr, Nd and Pb isotope ratios and element concentrations of modern SPM from the Brazilian Amazon River basin and document the past evolution of the basin by analyzing radiogenic isotopes of a marine sediment core from the slope off French Guiana archiving the last 40 kyr of Amazon River SPM, and the Holocene section of sediment cores raised between the Amazon River mouth and the slope off French Guiana. The composition of modern SPM confirms two main source areas, the Andes and the cratonic Shield. In the marine sediment core notable changes occurred during the second phase of Heinrich Stadial 1 (i.e. increased proportion of Shield rivers SPM) and during the last deglaciation (i.e. increased proportion of Madeira River SPM) together with elsewhere constant source contributions. Furthermore, we report a prominent offset in Sr and Nd isotopic composition between the average core value (epsilon(Nd): -11.7 +/- 0.9 (2SD), Sr-87/Sr-86: 0.7229 +/- 0.0016 (2SD)) and the average modern Amazon River SPM signal (epsilon(Nd): -10.5 +/- 0.5 (2SD), Sr-87/Sr-86: 0.7213 +/- 0.0036 (2SD)). We suggest that a permanent change in the Amazon River basin sediment supply during the late Holocene to a more Andean dominated SPM was responsible for the offset. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/17517-3 - Resposta da porção oeste do Oceano Atlântico às mudanças na circulação meridional do Atlântico: variabilidade milenar a sazonal
Beneficiário:Cristiano Mazur Chiessi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 11/06609-1 - Proveniência, transporte e estocagem de sedimentos nos rios amazônicos
Beneficiário:André Oliveira Sawakuchi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular