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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Holocene provenance shift of suspended particulate matter in the Amazon River basin

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Author(s):
Hoeppner, Natalie [1, 2] ; Lucassen, Friedrich [1, 2] ; Chiessi, Cristiano M. [3] ; Sawakuchi, Andre O. [4] ; Kasemann, Simone A. [1, 2]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Bremen, MARUM, Ctr Marine Environm Sci, Leobener Str 8, D-28359 Bremen - Germany
[2] Univ Bremen, Fac Geosci, Leobener Str 8, D-28359 Bremen - Germany
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Arts Sci & Humanities, Rua Arlindo Bettio 1000, BR-03828000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geosci, Rua Lago 562, BR-05508080 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS; v. 190, p. 66-80, JUN 15 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 3
Abstract

The strontium (Sr), neodymium (Nd) and lead (Pb) isotope signatures of suspended particulate matter (SPM) in rivers reflect the radiogenic isotope signatures of the rivers' drainage basin. These signatures are not significantly affected by weathering, transport or depositional cycles, but document the sedimentary contributions of the respective sources. We report new Sr, Nd and Pb isotope ratios and element concentrations of modern SPM from the Brazilian Amazon River basin and document the past evolution of the basin by analyzing radiogenic isotopes of a marine sediment core from the slope off French Guiana archiving the last 40 kyr of Amazon River SPM, and the Holocene section of sediment cores raised between the Amazon River mouth and the slope off French Guiana. The composition of modern SPM confirms two main source areas, the Andes and the cratonic Shield. In the marine sediment core notable changes occurred during the second phase of Heinrich Stadial 1 (i.e. increased proportion of Shield rivers SPM) and during the last deglaciation (i.e. increased proportion of Madeira River SPM) together with elsewhere constant source contributions. Furthermore, we report a prominent offset in Sr and Nd isotopic composition between the average core value (epsilon(Nd): -11.7 +/- 0.9 (2SD), Sr-87/Sr-86: 0.7229 +/- 0.0016 (2SD)) and the average modern Amazon River SPM signal (epsilon(Nd): -10.5 +/- 0.5 (2SD), Sr-87/Sr-86: 0.7213 +/- 0.0036 (2SD)). We suggest that a permanent change in the Amazon River basin sediment supply during the late Holocene to a more Andean dominated SPM was responsible for the offset. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/06609-1 - Provenance, transport and storage of sediments in Amazon rivers
Grantee:André Oliveira Sawakuchi
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/17517-3 - Response of the Western Atlantic Ocean to changes in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation: from millennial to seasonal variability
Grantee:Cristiano Mazur Chiessi
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Young Investigators