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Hydrologic variability and sediment supply of the Xingu and Tapajós rivers: climate change and anthropogenic impacts in eastern Amazon rivers during Holocene

Grant number: 16/11141-2
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): January 01, 2017
Effective date (End): September 30, 2019
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences - Geology
Principal Investigator:André Oliveira Sawakuchi
Grantee:Dailson José Bertassoli Junior
Host Institution: Instituto de Geociências (IGC). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:13/50180-5 - Xingu: integrating land use planning and water governance in Amazonia: towards improved freshwater security, AP.PFPMCG.TEM
Associated scholarship(s):17/25735-4 - Organic geochemistry analysis to reconstruct hydroclimate changes across eastern and western Amazon during the last 4,000 years, BE.EP.DR


The Amazon Rainforest and the Amazon River System are unique ecosystems supporting the world´s largest terrestrial and aquatic biodiversity. Those ecosystems also have an important role for the global climate system and precipitation distributionin South America. The Xingu and Tapajós Rivers are the largest clear water tributaries of the Amazon River. Both rivers stand out due to their specific biodiversity, unique landscape and as the main sources of surface water for agriculture and energy generation in eastern Amazon. Due to their socioeconomic importance, the Xingu andTapajós basins are threatened by the increasing anthropogenic impacts associated with the planning or building of hydropower dams and expansion of agropastoral activities. Future climate scenarios projected for eastern Amazon indicate increasing frequency of severe droughts and reduction of water availability. Thus, there construction of Holocene hydroclimate in the Xingu and Tapajós basins is a critical issue to understand the response of clear water Amazon rivers to future climate and anthropogenic changes. Severe hydroclimate and vegetation changes can threat surface water availability as well as promote shifts in sedimentation and carbon cycling, affecting ecosystems. This project will use sediment cores to reconstruct the Holocene hydroclimate in the Xingu and Tapajós watersheds through the application of proxies based on isotope analysis of organic specific-compounds, luminescence of minerals and inorganic geochemistry (major elements). These proxies will allow reconstructing changes in precipitation, vegetation and sediment supply. Age models will be constrained by radiocarbon and luminescence ages. Changes in precipitation, vegetation and sediment supply will be compared to global climate events and changes in the South American Monsoon System recorded by other climate records. Changes in the last century will be compared to deforestation rates in the Xingu and Tapajós Basins. (AU)

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Scientific publications (8)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BERTASSOLI, JR., DAILSON J.; SAWAKUCHI, HENRIQUE O.; DE ARAUJO, KLEITON R.; DE CAMARGO, MARCELO G. P.; ALEM, VICTOR A. T.; PEREIRA, TATIANA S.; KRUSCHE, V, ALEX; BASTVIKEN, DAVID; RICHEY, JEFFREY E.; SAWAKUCHI, ANDRE O.. How green can Amazon hydropower be? Net carbon emission from the largest hydropower plant in Amazonia. SCIENCE ADVANCES, v. 7, n. 26, . (19/24977-0, 18/18491-4, 16/02656-9, 19/24349-9, 11/14502-2, 14/21564-2, 15/09187-1, 18/15123-4, 16/11141-2)
BERTASSOLI, JR., D. J.; SAWAKUCHI, A. O.; CHIESSI, C. M.; SCHEFUSS, E.; HARTMANN, G. A.; HAEGGI, C.; CRUZ, F. W.; ZABEL, M.; MCGLUE, M. M.; SANTOS, R. A.; et al. Spatiotemporal Variations of Riverine Discharge Within the Amazon Basin During the Late Holocene Coincide With Extratropical Temperature Anomalies. Geophysical Research Letters, v. 46, n. 15, p. 9013-9022, . (16/11141-2, 17/25735-4, 17/50085-3, 14/23334-4, 16/02656-9)
BERTASSOLI, D. J., JR.; HAEGGI, C.; CHIESSI, C. M.; SCHEFUSS, E.; HEFTER, J.; AKABANE, T. K.; SAWAKUCHI, A. O.. Controls on the distributions of GDGTs and n-alkane isotopic compositions in sediments of the Amazon River Basin. CHEMICAL GEOLOGY, v. 594, p. 12-pg., . (16/02656-9, 19/24349-9, 19/24977-0, 16/11141-2, 19/19948-0, 18/15123-4, 18/23899-2, 17/25735-4)
HAGGI, CHRISTOPH; SCHEFUSS, ENNO; SAWAKUCHI, ANDRE O.; CHIESSI, CRISTIANO M.; MULITZA, STEFAN; BERTASSOLI JR, DAILSON J.; HEFTER, JENS; ZABEL, MATTHIAS; BAKER, PAUL A.; SCHOUTEN, STEFAN. Modern and late Pleistocene particulate organic carbon transport by the Amazon River: Insights from long-chain alkyl diols. GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA, v. 262, p. 1-19, . (16/11141-2, 12/17517-3, 12/50260-6)
PUPIM, F. N.; SAWAKUCHI, A. O.; ALMEIDA, R. P.; RIBAS, C. C.; KERN, A. K.; HARTMANN, G. A.; CHIESSI, C. M.; TAMURA, L. N.; MINELI, T. D.; SAVIAN, J. F.; et al. Chronology of Terra Firme formation in Amazonian lowlands reveals a dynamic Quaternary landscape. QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS, v. 210, p. 154-163, . (14/23334-4, 16/11141-2, 15/18314-7, 14/05582-0, 12/17517-3, 16/09293-9, 12/50260-6)
DE ARAUJO, KLEITON R.; SAWAKUCHI, HENRIQUE O.; BERTASSOLI, JR., DAILSON J.; SAWAKUCHI, ANDRE O.; DA SILVA, KARINA D.; VIEIRA, THIAGO B.; WARD, NICHOLAS D.; PEREIRA, TATIANA S.. Carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations and emission in the newly constructed Belo Monte hydropower complex in the Xingu River, Amazonia. BIOGEOSCIENCES, v. 16, n. 18, p. 3527-3542, . (16/11141-2, 16/02656-9)
NIYONZIMA, P.; SAWAKUCHI, A. O.; BERTASSOLI JR, D. J.; PUPIM, F. N.; PORAT, N.; FREIRE, M. P.; GOES, A. M.; RODRIGUES, F. C. G.. Luminescence dating of quartz from ironstones of the Xingu River, Eastern Amazonia. QUATERNARY GEOCHRONOLOGY, v. 67, . (16/02656-9, 19/04059-6, 19/24349-9, 19/24977-0, 18/15123-4, 16/11141-2, 18/12472-8)
FREIRE, MARILIA PRADO; GOES, ANA MARIA; FAIRCHILD, THOMAS RICH; GAUTHERON, CECILE; PARRA, MAURICIO; PUPIM, FABIANO NASCIMENTO; BERTASSOLI JUNIOR, DAILSON JOSE; DE SOUSA, LEANDRO MELO; HARTMANN, GELVAM ANDRE; PINNA-JAMME, ROSELLA; et al. Quaternary ironstones in the Xingu River, eastern Amazonia (Brazil). Quaternary Research, v. 110, p. 14-pg., . (18/23899-2, 19/24349-9, 19/24977-0, 18/15123-4, 18/15613-1, 16/11141-2)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
BERTASSOLI JUNIOR, Dailson José. Mudanças climá¡ticas e antrópicas no leste da Amazônia durante o Holoceno tardio. 2019. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Geociências (IG/BT) São Paulo.

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