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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Ayahuasca and Kambo intoxication after alternative natural therapy for depression, confirmed by mass spectrometry

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Autor(es):
de Morais, Damila Rodrigues [1] ; Lanaro, Rafael [2, 3] ; Barbosa, Ingrid Lopes [1] ; Santos, Jandyson Machado [1] ; Cunha, Kelly Francisco [4] ; Hernandes, Vinicius Veri [1] ; Tessaro, Elias Paulo [1] ; Gomes, Cezar Silvino [5] ; Eberlin, Marcos Nogueira [1] ; Costa, Jose Luiz [3, 6]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, ThoMSon Mass Spectrometry Lab, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Pharmacol, Fac Med Sci, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Poison Control Ctr, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Fac Med Sci, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[5] Brazilian Fed Police, Natal, RN - Brazil
[6] Univ Estadual Campinas, Fac Pharmaceut Sci, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Forensic Toxicology; v. 36, n. 1, p. 212-221, JAN 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

We present a case report about an acute intoxication episode after an oral administration of Ayahuasca and dermal exposure of Kambo for treatment of depression. The clinical features observed were hallucination, agitation, tremors of extremities, oral paresthesia, skin lesions and seizures. Diazepam was administered by the emergency service and was effective in controlling hallucination, but failed to control agitation and seizures. Patient biological fluids (urine and serum) and the samples of Ayahuasca and Kambo were submitted to toxicological analysis using liquid-liquid extraction followed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and high-resolution electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry. The main active compounds present in Ayahuasca, N,N-dimethyltryptamine, harmine, harmaline and tetrahydroharmine were found and quantified in the different samples, confirming the use by the patient. In Kambo secretion used in the ritual, we were able to find sixteen potently active peptides: adenoregulin, bombesin, bombesinnona peptide, bradykinin -phe(8)-psi-CH2NH-arg(9)-, caerulein, deltorphin, neurokinin B, phyllomedusin, phyllocaerulein, phyllokinin, phyllolitorin, preprotachykinin B (50-79), ranatachykinin A, sauvagine, T-kinin and urechistachykinin II. The patient was discharged the day after exposure without any sequel. Clinical and toxicological analysis indicated that the symptoms presented by the patient occurred due to a joint action produced by the substances identified in both materials. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case involving probable intoxication by simultaneous administration of Ayahuasca and Kambo. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/10650-8 - Estudo da estabilidade de fármacos, drogas de abuso e praguicidas em amostras de sangue seco em papel, e sua aplicação na toxicologia forense
Beneficiário:José Luiz da Costa
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 16/23157-0 - Desenvolvimento de protocolo para determinação de novos canabinóides sintéticos e NBOMe (derivados de 2-(2,5-dimetoxifenil)-N-(2-metoxibenzil)etan-1-amina) através de varredura de perda neutra e íons precursores por LC-MS/MS e GC-MS/MS
Beneficiário:Damila Rodrigues de Morais
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado