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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The Polygonal Model: A Simple Representation of Biomolecules as a Tool for Teaching Metabolism

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Autor(es):
Sampaio Bonafe, Carlos Francisco [1] ; Conceicao Bispo, Jose Ailton [2] ; de Jesus, Marcelo Bispo [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Dept Biochem & Tissue Biol, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Feira Santana UEFS, Fac Food Engn, Dept Technol, CP 252-294, BR-44036900 Feira De Santana, BA - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY EDUCATION; v. 46, n. 1, p. 66-75, JAN-FEB 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Metabolism involves numerous reactions and organic compounds that the student must master to understand adequately the processes involved. Part of biochemical learning should include some knowledge of the structure of biomolecules, although the acquisition of such knowledge can be time-consuming and may require significant effort from the student. In this report, we describe the ``polygonal model{''} as a new means of graphically representing biomolecules. This model is based on the use of geometric figures such as open triangles, squares, and circles to represent hydroxyl, carbonyl, and carboxyl groups, respectively. The usefulness of the polygonal model was assessed by undergraduate students in a classroom activity that consisted of ``transforming{''} molecules from Fischer models to polygonal models and vice and versa. The survey was applied to 135 undergraduate Biology and Nursing students. Students found the model easy to use and we noted that it allowed identification of students' misconceptions in basic concepts of organic chemistry, such as in stereochemistry and organic groups that could then be corrected. The students considered the polygonal model easier and faster for representing molecules than Fischer representations, without loss of information. These findings indicate that the polygonal model can facilitate the teaching of metabolism when the structures of biomolecules are discussed. Overall, the polygonal model promoted contact with chemical structures, e.g. through drawing activities, and encouraged student-student dialog, thereby facilitating biochemical learning. (C) 2017 by The International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/03002-7 - Internalização e tráfego intracelular de nanopartículas: atividade biológica e perfil nanotoxicológico
Beneficiário:Marcelo Bispo de Jesus
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores