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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Zika might not be acting alone: Using an ecological study approach to investigate potential co-acting risk factors for an unusual pattern of microcephaly in Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Campos, Monica C. [1] ; Dombrowski, Jamille G. [2] ; Phelan, Jody [1] ; Marinho, Claudio R. F. [2] ; Hibberd, Martin [1] ; Clark, Taane G. [3, 1] ; Campino, Susana [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Fac Infect & Trop Dis, London - England
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Parasitol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] London Sch Hyg & Trop Med, Fac Epidemiol & Populat Hlth, London - England
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 13, n. 8 AUG 15 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

Zika virus infections can cause a range of neurologic disorders including congenital microcephaly. However, while Zika infections have been notified across all regions in Brazil, there has been an unusual number of congenital microcephaly case notifications concentrated in the Northeast of the country. To address this observation, we investigated epidemiological data (2014-2016) on arbovirus co-distribution, environmental and socio-economic factors for each region in Brazil. Data on arbovirus reported cases and microcephaly were collected from several Brazilian Ministry of Health databases for each Federal unit. These were complemented by environmental management, social economic and Aedes aegypti infestation index data, extracted from multiple databases. Spatial time ``ecological{''} analysis on the number of arboviruses transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes in Brazil show that the distribution of dengue and Zika was widespread in the whole country, with higher incidence in the West-Central region. However, reported chikungunya cases were higher in the Northeast, the region also with the highest number of microcephaly cases registered. Social economic factors (human development index and poverty index) and environmental management (water supply/storage and solid waste management) pointed the Northeast as the less wealthy region. The Northeast is also the region with the highest risk of Aedes aegypti house infestation due to the man-made larval habitats. In summary, the results of our ecological analysis support the hypothesis that the unusual distribution of microcephaly might not be due to Zika infection alone and could be accentuated by poverty and previous or co-infection with other pathogens. Our study reinforces the link between poverty and the risk of disease and the need to understand the effect on pathogenesis of sequential exposure to arboviruses and co-viral infections. Comprehensive large-scale cohort studies are required to corroborate our findings. We recommend that the list of infectious diseases screened, particularly during pregnancy, be regularly updated to include and effectively differentiate all viruses from ongoing outbreaks. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/07030-0 - Caracterização da atividade autofágica e de inflamassoma na malária placentária
Beneficiário:Cláudio Romero Farias Marinho
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/04755-3 - Associação entre malária gestacional, restrição do crescimento intrauterino e baixo peso ao nascer na Amazônia Extremo-Ocidental Brasileira
Beneficiário:Jamille Gregório Dombrowski
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto