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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Remarkable richness of trypanosomes in tsetse flies (Glossina morsitans morsitans and Glossina pallidipes) from the Gorongosa National Park and Niassa National Reserve of Mozambique revealed by fluorescent fragment length barcoding (FFLB)

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Autor(es):
Garcia, Herakles A. [1] ; Rodrigues, Carla M. F. [1] ; Rodrigues, Adriana C. [1] ; Pereira, Dagmar L. ; Pereira, Carlos L. [2] ; Camargo, Erney P. [1] ; Hamilton, P. B. [3] ; Teixeira, Marta M. G. [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Parasitol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Minist Tourism Mozambique, Wildlife Conservat Soc, Maputo - Mozambique
[3] Univ Exeter, Coll Life & Environm Sci, Biosci, Exeter, Devon - England
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: INFECTION GENETICS AND EVOLUTION; v. 63, p. 370-379, SEP 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 8
Resumo

Trypanosomes of African wild ungulates transmitted by tsetse flies can cause human and livestock diseases. However, trypanosome diversity in wild tsetse flies remains greatly underestimated. We employed FEB (fluorescent fragment length barcoding) for surveys of trypanosomes in tsetse flies (3086) from the Gorongosa National Park (GNP) and Niassa National Reserve (NNR) in Mozambique (MZ), identified as Glossina morsitans morsitans (GNP/NNR = 77.6%/90.5%) and Glossina pallidipes (22.4%/9.5%). Trypanosomes were microscopically detected in 8.3% of tsetse guts. FFLB of gut samples revealed (GNP/NNR): Tiypanosoma congolense of Savannah (27%/63%), Kilifi (16.7%/29.7%) and Forest (1.0%/03%) genetic groups; T. simiae Tsavo (36.5%16.1%); T. simiae (22.2%/17.7%); T. godfreyi (182%/7.0%); subgenus Trypanozoon (202%/25.7%); T. vivax/T. vivax-like (1.5%/52%); T. suisa. suis-like (9.4%/11.9%). Tsetse proboscises exhibited similar species composition, but most prevalent species were (GNP/ NNR): T. simiae (21.9%/28%), T. b. brucei (19.2%/31.7%), and T. vivax/T. vivax-like (19.2%/28.6%). Flies harboring mixtures of trypanosomes were common (similar to 64%), and combinations of more than four trypanosomes were especially abundant in the pristine NNR. The non-pathogenic T. theileri was found in 2.5% while FEB profiles of unknown species were detected in 19% of flies examined. This is the first report on molecular diversity of tsetse flies and their trypanosomes in MZ: all trypanosomes pathogenic for ungulates were detected, but no human pathogens were detected. Overall, two species of tsetse flies harbor 12 species/genotypes of trypanosomes. This notable species richness was likely uncovered because flies were captured in wildlife reserves and surveyed using the method of FFLB able to identify, with high sensitivity and accuracy, known and novel trypanosomes. Our findings importantly improve the knowledge on trypanosome diversity in tsetse flies, revealed the greatest species richness so far reported in tsetse fly of any African country, and indicate the existence of a hidden trypanosome diversity to be discovered in African wildlife protected areas. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/07487-0 - Ampliação e codificação (DNA barcoding) da coleção de culturas de tripanossomatídeos da USP (TCC-USP) e sua utilização em estudos filogenéticos e taxonômicos
Beneficiário:Erney Felicio Plessmann de Camargo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 16/03028-1 - Estudo comparado de tripanossomas de ungulados da África e América do Sul: diversidade, diagnóstico, filogenia e epidemiologia molecular
Beneficiário:Herakles Antonio Garcia Perez
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado