Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

CD44 and ALDH1 immunoexpression as prognostic indicators of invasion and metastasis in oral squamous cell carcinoma

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Ortiz, Rafael C. [1] ; Lopes, Nathalia M. [1] ; Amor, Nadia G. [1] ; Ponce, Jose B. [2] ; Schmerling, Claudia K. [3] ; Lara, Vanessa S. [4] ; Moyses, Raquel A. [5] ; Rodini, Camila O. [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Bauru Sch Dent, Dept Biol Sci, Bauru, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Ctr Adamantina, Dept Pathol, Adamantina, SP - Brazil
[3] Sch Med Sao Paulo, Clin Hosp, Dept Anat Pathol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Bauru Sch Dent, Dept Surg Stomatol Pathol & Radiol, Bauru, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Clin Hosp HCFMUSP, Dept Head & Neck Surg, LIM28, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF ORAL PATHOLOGY & MEDICINE; v. 47, n. 8, p. 740-747, SEP 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

BackgroundTumour metastasis has been associated with cancer stem cells, a small population with stem-like cells properties, higher rate of migration and metastatic potential compared to cells from the tumour bulk. Our aim was to evaluate the immunoexpression of the putative cancer stem cell biomarkers ALDH1 and CD44 in primary tumour and corresponding metastatic lymph nodes. MethodsTumour tissue specimens (n = 50) and corresponding metastatic lymph nodes (n = 25) were surgically obtained from 50 patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma and submitted to immunohistochemistry. CD44 and ALDH1 were semi-quantitatively scored according to the proportion and intensity of positive cells within the invasive front and metastatic lymph nodes as a whole. A combined score was obtained by multiplying both parameters and later dichotomized into a final score classified as low (2) or high (>2) immunoexpression. ResultsALDH1 immunoexpression and CD44 immunoexpression were detected in both tumour sites, although the means of ALDH1 (P = .0985) and CD44 (P = .4220) cells were higher in metastasis compared to primary tumours. ALDH1(high) was positively associated (P = .0184) with angiolymphatic invasion, while CD44(high) was positively associated (P = .0181) with metastasis (N+). At multivariate analysis, CD44 significantly increased the odds of lymph node metastasis, regardless of T stage (OR = 8.24; 1.64-65.64, P = .0088). ConclusionsCD44 immunoexpression was a significant predictor of lymph node metastasis, while ALDH1(high) immunostaining was associated with angiolymphatic invasion. Altogether, it suggests that immunoexpression of CD44 and ALDH1 links the cancer stem cell phenotype with oral squamous cell carcinoma invasion and metastasis. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/07245-9 - Investigação do papel das células-tronco de câncer e do microambiente no processo de transição epitélio-mesenquimal, invasão e metástase do carcinoma epidermóide de boca
Beneficiário:Camila de Oliveira Rodini Pegoraro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores