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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Modeling freshwater quality scenarios with ecosystem-based adaptation in the headwaters of the Cantareira system, Brazil

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Autor(es):
Taffarello, Denise [1] ; Srinivasan, Raghavan [2] ; Mohor, Guilherme Samprogna [1, 3] ; Bittencourt Guimaraes, Joao Luis [4] ; Calijuri, Maria do Carmo [1] ; Mendiondo, Eduardo Mario [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos Sch Engn, BR-13566590 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Texas A&M Univ, Ecosyst Sci & Management Dept, Spatial Sci Lab, College Stn, TX 77801 - USA
[3] Univ Potsdam, Inst Earth & Environm Sci, Karl Liebknecht Str 24-25, D-14476 Potsdam - Germany
[4] Aquaflora Meio Ambiente, BR-82100310 Curitiba, PR - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: HYDROLOGY AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES; v. 22, n. 9, p. 4699-4723, SEP 7 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Although hydrologic models provide hypothesis testing of complex dynamics occurring at catchments, fresh-water quality modeling is still incipient at many subtropical headwaters. In Brazil, a few modeling studies assess freshwater nutrients, limiting policies on hydrologic ecosystem services. This paper aims to compare freshwater quality scenarios under different land-use and land-cover (LULC) change, one of them related to ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA), in Brazilian headwaters. Using the spatially semi-distributed Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model, nitrate, total phosphorous (TP) and sediment were modeled in catchments ranging from 7.2 to 1037 km(2). These head-waters were eligible areas of the Brazilian payment for ecosystem services (PES) projects in the Cantareira water supply system, which had supplied water to 9 million people in the Sao Paulo metropolitan region (SPMR). We considered SWAT modeling of three LULC scenarios: (i) recent past scenario (S1), with historical LULC in 1990; (ii) current land-use scenario (S2), with LULC for the period 2010-2015 with field validation; and (iii) future land-use scenario with PES (S2 + EbA). This latter scenario proposed forest cover restoration through EbA following the river basin plan by 2035. These three LULC scenarios were tested with a selected record of rainfall and evapotranspiration observed in 2006-2014, with the occurrence of extreme droughts. To assess hydrologic services, we proposed the hydrologic service index (HSI), as a new composite metric comparing water pollution levels (WPL) for reference catchments, related to the grey water footprint (greyWF) and water yield. On the one hand, water quality simulations allowed for the regionalization of greyWF at spatial scales under LULC scenarios. According to the critical threshold, HSI identified areas as less or more sustainable catchments. On the other hand, conservation practices simulated through the S2 + EbA scenario envisaged not only additional and viable best management practices (BMP), but also preventive decision-making at the headwaters of water supply systems. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/22013-4 - A pegada hídrica como ferramenta para a valoração dos serviços ambientais em bacias hidrográficas no contexto de mudanças climáticas
Beneficiário:Denise Taffarello
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/50848-9 - INCT 2014: INCT para Mudanças Climáticas (INCT-MC)
Beneficiário:Jose Antonio Marengo Orsini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 08/58161-1 - Assessment of impacts and vulnerability to climate change in Brazil and strategies for adaptation option
Beneficiário:Jose Antonio Marengo Orsini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 14/15080-2 - Seguros hídricos como mecanismos de adaptação às mudanças do solo e do clima para otimizar a outorga do uso da água sob condições de transposição de vazões
Beneficiário:Guilherme Samprogna Mohor
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado