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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Bonus Effects of Antidiabetic Drugs: Possible Beneficial Effects on Endothelial Dysfunction, Vascular Inflammation and Atherosclerosis

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Autor(es):
Pereira, Camila A. [1] ; Carneiro, Fernando S. [1] ; Matsumoto, Takayuki [2] ; Tostes, Rita C. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Pharmacol, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Hoshi Univ, Inst Med Chem, Dept Physiol & Morphol, Shinagawa Ku, Tokyo - Japan
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: BASIC & CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY & TOXICOLOGY; v. 123, n. 5, p. 523-538, NOV 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

Diabetes currently affects more than 400 million people worldwide. This metabolic disorder causes various micro- and macrovascular complications that accelerate atherosclerosis and yet trigger other cardiovascular diseases. The characteristic frame of hyperglycaemia, hyperinsulinaemia and hyperlipidaemia in diabetes increases several inflammatory mediators leading to endothelial dysfunction and pro-atherosclerotic processes. This MiniReview summarizes evidence that antidiabetic drugs have effects beyond lowering glycaemic levels. In experimental studies, antidiabetic drugs reduce the vascular production and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, the recruitment, infiltration and activation of immune cells and pro-inflammatory mediators, thus decreasing vascular inflammatory responses; they also re-establish vascular redox homeostasis by reducing oxidative stress and balancing the release of vasoconstrictor and vasodilator factors, hence contributing to the improvement of endothelial function. These effects are associated with a reduction in vascular remodelling due to decreased matrix metalloproteinases expression/activity, reduced inflammatory processes and vascular wall fibrosis. In clinical studies, antidiabetic drugs also reduce the production and release of pro-inflammatory, pro-atherosclerotic and pro-oxidative mediators and improve flow-mediated dilatation, indicating beneficial effects on endothelial function. These bonus effects of antidiabetic drugs may delay and/or reduce the installation and development of the atherosclerotic disease, decrease cardiovascular risk and possibly impact mortality risk, life expectancy and quality. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/08216-2 - CPDI - Centro de Pesquisa em Doenças Inflamatórias
Beneficiário:Fernando de Queiroz Cunha
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs