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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Functionalized Charcoal as a Buffering Matrix of Copper and Zinc Availability

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Fernandes Guimaraes, Gelton Geraldo [1] ; Giroto, Amanda Soares [2] ; Teixeira, Breno Cardoso [3] ; Vergutz, Leonardus [4] ; Cantarutti, Reinaldo Bertola [4]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Empresa Pesquisa Agr & Extensao Rural Santa Catar, Estacao Expt Itajai, Santa Catarina - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Quim, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Serv Nacl Aprendizagem Rural & BM Agr Ltda, Coromandel, MG - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Vicosa, Dept Solos, Vicosa, MG - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo; v. 42, 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

High copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) contents in soil can cause phytotoxicity to plants and contaminate surface and groundwater, with negative effects on agriculture and the environment. Functionalized charcoal (OCh) has high cation exchange capacity (CEC) and the ability to adsorb Cu and Zn and control their availability in the soil and water. An adsorption study at two pH levels was carried out to evaluate increasing Cu and Zn sorption capacity provided by the functionalization process of a charcoal. In addition, a kinetics study of competitive and non-competitive adsorption-desorption of Cu and Zn in OCh was also evaluated. The results showed that functionalized charcoal (Ch) increased CEC 8.7 times due to an increase in carboxyl and phenolic groups, without changing its specific surface area. The Cu and Zn kinetics study showed higher interaction of Cu with the OCh, with total adsorption capacity of 53.1 mg g(-1). From this amount, only 74.9 % was desorbed. However, competitive adsorption with Zn reduced the total amount of Cu adsorbed and decreased the Cu affinity for organic matter. This study shows the potential use of functionalized charcoal for control of Cu and Zn availability in the soil solution. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/11821-5 - Estudo da solubilização de fosfatos nanométricos dispersos em matrizes de diferentes solubilidades
Beneficiário:Amanda Soares Giroto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado